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LT  Augustus C. CARAS

UNIT: 349th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: NAV
SERIAL #: STATUS: POW
MACR:

Comments1: 15 OCT 44 COLOGNE, MY

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

2ND LT BERT L. SCOTT                        P KIA   5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG
F/O ELMORE W. HARVEY                    CP POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG
2ND LT EDWARD J. KONOPACK     BOM/NAV POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG TAPS: 19 MAY 1978
2ND LT AUGUSTUS C. CARAS           NAV CPT 15 OCT 44 COLOGNE
S/SGT BEALER W. MOORE               ROG POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG
S/SGT LLOYD E. MALTBIE                TTE KIA   5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG  (see Maltbie record for mission log &  crew diary)
SGT RICHARD L. GOFF                     BTG POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG  (see Goff record for extensive details, 5 Aug 44 mission)
SGT JAMES J. RAKOSNIK, JR.             RWG POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG TAPS: 17 MAR 1989
SGT WILLIAM T. NELSON                LWG XFR  was transferred to 97th BG, (see email below)
SGT JOHN K. ESCHBACK                    TG POW 5 AUG 44 MAGDEBURG

349TH SQDN.. CREW, AS ABOVE, JOINED THE 100TH ON 12 JUN 1944.  ON THE MAGDEBURG MISSION OF 5 AUG 44, S/SGT DANEIL J. SULLIVAN WAS ABOARD AS THE NG AND BECAME A POW.  HE WAS FROM THE L.R. ROEDIGER CREW..pw

The following is quoted from Richard L. Goff's 1983 latter to Jim Brown.....pw

"On August 5, 1944 we were on our 14th mission. Just before the target we were forced out of formation by another aircraft. 
At that time we were hit by flak near the upper turret and behind the pilot. The plane began to burn. Just before being hit we had salvoed the bombs. There was a hell of an explosion and then the plane caught fire. We were at 24,000 feet. I managed to get out of the ball. The Waist Gunner and Radio Operator went out of the plane first, then me followed by the Tail Gunner. There was no bail out signal because the plane was destroyed when first hit by flak. I asked John (Eschback), who was the oldest of the crew, he was 30 and I was 19, how we ever survived getting out of the aircraft not to mention the long decent  and the mad people of Magdeburg. He said training and discipline. Everything went like clockwork adn no one lost their head."

Report by Lt. Edward J. Konopack adds that he and F/O Fred W. Harvey were unable to bail out because of the aircraft was in a spin but the ship blew up and they were thrown out by the force of the explosion. Probably the centrifugal force prevented Scott from getting out or he may have been killed by the initial flak hit...

ATTACHED EYEWITNESS DESCRIPTION OF CRASH, FORCED LANDING, OR CUMSTANCES PERTAINING TO MISSING AIRCRAFT

A/C #42-37839, Crew #4, B-17G

"At 1252 hours A/C #839 pulled out to right or was forced out by prop wash. A/C #865 moved up to fill in the formation. Pilot Scott apparently was trying to salvo bombs. About 90 seconds before bombs away (1256 Hours) bombs were salvoed. After dropping about 75 feet all 5 bombs exploded. At the same time it was observed that #2 engine was flaming. Wings and fuselage soon began to flame and two chutes came out the waist door. The A/C continued straight and level going down on fire. It did not explode."


REPORT ON CAPTURE OF MEMBER OF ENEMY AIR FORCE
KU 2654
POST: Hq. Local Air Base A (o) 13/III, Magdeburg - East
PLACE: Madgeburg
DATE:  7 August 1944
REGARDING: Crash: of, probable Fortress II
AT: between Gerwisch and Biederitz, 9 km northeast Madgeburg 5 August 1944, 1245

NAME: (LAST OR SURNAME)  GOFF

FIRST NAME: Richard L.

SERIAL NUMBER: (USA)36 878 674

RSULT: (DEAD OR CAPTURED)  captured

PLACE & TIME OF CAPTURE:  5 Aug 1944, 1410, Madgeburg-"Schrote" Garrison

REPORT ON CAPTURED AIRCRAFT
Form #2  KU 2654
POST:  Hq, Local Air Base A (o) 13/ III, Magdeburg - East
LOCATION:  Magdeburg
DATE:  8 August 1944

DATE & TIME A/C
WAS SHOT DOWN: 5 August 1944, 1255

PLACE OF CRASH: 500 meters south Airfield Madgeburg - East (nearest town)

KIND OF CAPTURE:  unidentifiable
(flak, hunter, night hunter
  emergency landing)

TYPE OF AIRCRAFT: Fortress II

MARKINGS OF CRAFT: unidentifiable
(letters, front and rear of insignia)

ADMITTANCE NO.: 337839 L

EQUIPMENT:  unidentifiable
F.T. Frequencies:  unidentifiable
CONDITION OF A/C: 90 % crash

DELIVERED TO DISTRIBUTORS:
(DULOG - LUFT, ETC)

The signature of the German officers initiating this report is unreadable, his rank was the equivalent of a USSAF 1st. Lt. -- pw

Sgt Lloyd Maltbie - Missions - 1944
 June 29 1st To Leipzig, hit target, smoke at least 15,000 ft.  Moderately accurate flak. One fighter attack.
 July 4          Mission called off because Of bad weather
 July 6    2nd No Ball, target just across channel in France. No fighters. Very little flak.  
 July 7    3rd Leipzig. No fighters. Flak through top turret. Lucky.
 July 13  4th Munich Longwy. Missed target 92 miles. 10/10 bad flak. Hit by fighters after target. Got good shots and saw fighter go down in smoke.
 July 14  5th  Maquis Supply Drop, Carried parachute supplies to guerillas in Southern France. Dropped at 300 ft. 
                   Best mission ever made. No flak. No fighters. Good satisfaction.
 July 17    6th  Montgournoy, Robot targets. 5 miles inland France. Very easy.
 July 18    7th Bombed canal at Kiel, 10/10, no fighters, some flak.
 July 19            Mission to Schweinfurt aborted - had runaway prop.
 July 20     8th  Leipzig. Had slow ship, fair flak, no fighters. Never bombed target, but hit secondary airfield.
 July 24     9th  St Lo, To front lines at 12,000 ft. 10/10. Didn't drop bombs. B24 outfit hit by own flak. Bombed own troops.
 July 25   10th  St. Lo, Went back to beach head at 11,000 ft. Very good bombing. Very accurate flak.
 July 29   11th Leipzig - Merseberg. Oil refinery. Very heavy flak. Flew all over area Hit by fighters. Saw several ships blown up. Lost oil in no. 4 engine. Couldn't feather, straggled back, followed other wings. P38's very helpful. No brakes, so landed on emergency air strip. Good landing. Never got back to base till 2 a.m. Group lost 5 ships. Many shot up. Mighty rough.
 Aug 3     12th  Troyes,  Tactical mission. Bombed marsheling yards 75 miles southeast of Paris. Little flak. No fighters. Good support. Made 4 runs on targets.
 Aug 4     13th  To Hamburg oil refinery  Flak very bad & accurate. No fighters. Flew new ship 306 1st mission.
 Aug 5     14th MAGDEBURG-Lloyd Maltbie was killed in action at Magdeburg the 5th of August, 1944...pw


HEADQUARTERS
100TH BOMBARDMENT GROUP (H)
Office of the Intelligence Officer
SUBJECT: Report on T/Sgt. Lloyd E. Maltbie, 18193937
To
T/5 James P. Hill, 38182822, 34th Evac. Hosp. (SM). APO 403 % 
Postmaster, New York City, New York
APO 559
31 July 1945

1. All information we have at this Headquarters concerning T/Sgt. Lloyd E. Maltbie, 18193937, is as follows: He was Engineer and Top Turret gunner on a B-17 crew. His pilot was Lt. Bert L. Scott. On the mission of 5 August 1944, he was flying in A/C #639 (last three numbers). This A/C was seen to be in distress just before bombs away over the target of Magdeburg, Germany. It fell out of formation and jettisoned its bombs. Soon after that fire broke out in it's #2 engine, spread into the left wing and seemed to just about cover the entire plane in a very short time. A few chutes were seen in the vicinity, but observing crew members did not know if they came from this A/C. The A/C continued down in a shallow glide and it was believed that all crew members could have bailed out. This happened at 12:52 hours. Anti-aircraft fire was intense and it is possible that Sgt. Maltbie and his pilot, Lt. Scott, were both killed in the A/C. All other mmbers of the crew were prisoners of war and have subsequently been liberated. 

2. The A/C in question must have crashed a few miles from Magdeburg, but there are no reports confirming this fact. It is possible that the battle causality office in Paris had more information. Also the Adjutant General's Office in Washington, D.C. should have further information concerning the two member of this crew who were killed. I regret my inability to give you any definite information, but trust this letter may furnish leads to the answer of all your questions.

Sincerely
Charles w. Terry
Capt., Air Corps.
P.W. Officer


Subj: Re: 100thBG Form Submission 
Date: 7/26/2001 6:35:56 AM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: Gimlet8746 
To: MPFaley 
File: dadb17.jpg (107604 bytes) DL Time (26400 bps): < 1 minute 
 According to talks I had with my dad the plane was hit by flak in the still open bomb bay shortly after dropping its load. The engineer was killed in the explosion and my father believed the pilot died due to removing his oxygen mask during the ensuing panic. He confirmed this in a meeting with CP Elmore Harvey at a VFW in St. Johnbury, VT (Harvey's hometown) in the early 1960's at which I was present. My father was thrown free when the aircraft exploded and parachuted safely to the ground.I would love to somehow have you folks look at the diary I mentioned, but I'm afraid you may be getting too exited about it's content. Perhaps describing it as a "diary" was a poor choice of words. It's a little hardback blank book called a "Wartime Log" that I believe was distributed to POW's by the YMCA through the Red Cross. My dad chose to fill it with drawings of the camp and POW life, labels from Red Cross parcels, books he read, etc. As a record of life in a German Stalag it seems invaluable, but I don't think it would help a Bomb Group historian that much. I will, of course, leave that to your best judgement and will remain in touch.I will try to have a copy made of the crew picture but in the meantime I am attaching a jpg photo of it. I think it may have been taken in the states because of the lack of paint on the airplane. My dad is third from the right.
     Sincerely,
     Ed Konopack

Subj: Re: 100thBG Form Submission 
Date: 7/27/2001 4:56:14 PM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: Gimlet8746 
 Ed Konopack Jr
To: MPFaley 
 Mike,Dad always referred to himself as a Bombadier-Navigator. I'm going to have to do some looking but I'm pretty sure I have an old yearbook of his around somewhere. If memory serves it was from Demming, NM and his graduation and commissioning upon completion of bombadier training. I always thought he had put in the vast majority of his B-17 time as a bombadier. I know he went to Demming after washing out of pilot training, however I don't know why he washed out. He always told a story about a mission shortly before he was shot down when the navigator, apparently somewhat shook up, attempted to shoot off a feathered prop with one of the aircraft guns. The rest of the crew, understandably, thought this was a bad idea and restrained him. I guess, because of that story, I felt Dad was doing double duty as both bom and nav during the mission when he was shot down.For whatever reason, I know he did know navigation. When I went through nav training at Mather AFB, CA in 1969 he knew enough about what I was doing to convince me.

 Mike, You say there were cases where bombadiers were used as navigators because they were trained for the job and toggeliers were used. Isn't that exactly what we're talking about here? In the "Wartime Log" I've mentioned, Dad listed a Joseph Sullivan as the toggelier. I assume this is Daniel Sullivan and the reason Dad got the name wrong is because the last mission was Sullivan's first with the crew and Dad just didn't know him that well (or maybe Daniel J. Sullivan went by "Joe").I've checked all of Dad's wartime wings and they're all bombadier wings. So are the miniature wings attached to the end of his dogtag chain and the wings mounted on a bracelet for my Mom. He was described in local papers at the time he was reported missing and at the time he was reported a POW as a bombadier. I don't remember anyone referring to him as anything else. He certainly considered himself a bombadier. The fact that the picture shows him wearing said wings seems perfectly normal to me.The picture was definitely taken after the official end of the war. Dad wasn't liberated until April 29, 1945 and by the time he got home, spent some time with Mom in the recovery camps and gained back the weight he had lost (he appears hale and hearty in the photo) it would have been at least late 1945 or early 1946. The ribbons are the (left to right on the left breast) Air Medal w/1OLC, Purple Heart, and EAME Campaign. The Presidential Unit Citation is on the right breast. He was in fact a 1st Lt. when the photo was taken. Ed Konopack Jr

EMAIL = john.nelson@csoconline.com
UNAME = John D. Nelson
CONNECTION = I am a relative of a 100th veteran
COMMENTS = Sent e-mail earlier today requesting correction to database for S/Sgt W. T. Nelson - 349th.  I incorrectly said he was a TTE (E) - turns out he was not assigned to this position until he was transferred to the 97th BG.  In the 100th, he was left waist gunner on Lt. Bert Scott's plane - as indicated under Lt. Scott's database entry.  He was not on the ill-fated mission to Magdeburg at which time Lt. Scott was KIA.


CREW

  Lt H.W. Woodall                    P NOC 
 Lt Charles J. Baker                 CP NOC                                                                 (From L.G. Bennett crew) 
  Lt Augustus C.Caras           NAV CPT    15/10/ 44 COLOGNE                                  (From B.L.Scott crew)
 Sgt Edmund P.Miller           TOG  NOC                                                                 (From J.Geller crew)
 T/Sgt Charles P.Jones        ROG CPT    25/12/44  KAISERLAUTERN, MY                   (From H.W.Woodall crew)
 T/Sgt Robert E.McKee       TTE CPT     16/11/44   AACHEN AREA, GROUND SUPPORT (From H.W.Woodall crew)
 S/Sgt Carl K.Platkin            BTG CPT     11/08/44   VILLACOUBLAY, AF
 S/Sgt Donald E.Benson       WG CPT     12/12/44   DARMSTADT, MY                         (From H.W.Woodall crew)
 S/Sgt Gordon D.Henderson  TG CPT      16/11/44  AACHEN AREA, GROUND SUPPORT

349th Sqdn.  Above crew appears on Crew List Or 5/8/44 as Crew #10. But on 11/8/44, Lt.J.Trapnell was the 
pilot of Crew #10. He came to 100th as CP Of W.F.Terminello crew. Platkin came to the 100th BG as a replacement gunner.

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: DATE:  
AIRCRAFT: CAUSE:  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  
ID: 734