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LT  Oscar C. AMISON

UNIT: 350th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: NAV

Oscar C. Amison, Jr. -Original 100th NAV on the Roy F. Claytor crew - 350th     (100th Photo Archives)

Lt Oscar C. Amison, Nav on Lt Roy Claytor Crew-POW.  Photo Courtesy of Lauren Kolbert, grandaughter of John Burgin. 

SERIAL #: O-735962 STATUS: POW
MACR: 00678 CR: 00678

Comments1: 17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG (Original 100th, Crew #11)

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW
                           1ST LT ROY F. CLAYTOR

CREW #11  A/C #42-5862  "DURATION + 6"    MACR #678  CREW WAS FLYING# 42-5867 "ALICE FROM DALLAS" ON AUG 17, 1943

1ST LT  ROY F. CLAYTOR                           P: EVADEE   17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
2ND LT  RAYMOND J. NUTTING, JR       CP: EVADEE   17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
2ND LT  OSCAR C. AMISON, JR.            NAV: POW      17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
2ND LT  KENNETH R. LORCH                BOM: POW      17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
T/SGT   JOHN W. BURGIN                    TTE: EVADEE  17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
S/SGT   CHARLES K. BAILEY               WG: EVADEE  17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG
T/SGT   STEVEN S. KOPCZEWSKI        ROG: KIA        25 JUL 43 KIEL               ( flying with Capt. Carey/DeSanders Crew)  SEE BELOW
S/SGT   ROBERT H., WUSSOW            BTG: KIA        08 OCT 43 BREMEN         (flying with 1st Lt Frank H.Meadows Crew) SEE BELOW
S/SGT   JOSEPH E. KEHOE                   WG: NOC       INJURED IN GRD ACCIDENT AT T.A. AND RTN TO USA
S/SGT   EDWARD A. MUSANTE              TG: KIA        17 AUG 43 REGENSBURG

        ON THE REGENSBURG MISSION THIS CREW WAS THE LEAD CREW OF THE SECOND ELEMENT, LOW SQUADRON. AT 1020 FIGHTERS ATTACKED THE LOW SQUADRON OVER EASTERN BELGIUM AND SEVERELY DAMAGED THE AIRCRAFT CAUSING CLAYTOR TO SOUND THE BAIL-OUT ALARM. EIGHT OF THE MEN ABOARD GOT OUT SAFELY, BUT MUSANTE'S CHUTE CAUGHT ON THE HORIZONTAL STABLIZER AND WAS KILLED WHEN THE PLANE EXPLODED IN MID-AIR OR WHEN IT CRASHED. WILLIAM M. HINTON, WHO WAS FLYING IN PLACE OF ROBERT WUSSOW, APPARENTLY DID NOT BAIL OUT- HE MAY HAVE STAYED TOO LONG TO ASSIST MUSANTE- AND WAS KILLED. BOTH HINTON AND MUSANTE WERE GIVEN A MILITARY FUNERAL AND WERE BURIED 20 AUG 43 ON THE AIRDROME AT ST. TROND. HINTON'S GRAVE NUMBER IS #287 AND MUSANTE'S #268  

Two other replacements flying on the crew that day were, William M. Quinn as radio operator and Clifford R. Starkey as waist gunner.  Starkey became a POW but Quinn evaded capture and made it back to England. Claytor, Nutting, Burgin and Bailey also were successful in evading capture and, after months with the underground, got back to England. Kenny Lorch was finally  made a POW after hiding out nearly eight months

It was the 10th mission for most of the crew but only number two for Hinton.

When questioned, after the war, as to Musante, Claytor had this to say: "He was a 
strange boy and was frequently given to air sickness.  I think he was actually afraid 
of the air.  However, I mentioned having him removed from the crew several times 
but he always persuaded me to keep him.  He seemed to be brave and courageous 
except I believe he had an inherent fear of the air.  I admired him very much and 
have never seen him fail in anything but I do believe he was afraid to bail out. 
 
Crew #11   Continued

Charles Bailey's statement as regards Musante was as follows: "Musante was the TG
and I was the WG.  I always took a personal interest in him because I was older then 
he, and he seemed to depend on me to a great extent.  He always had trouble 
hearing over the intercam and I always made it a point to be sure that he always 
understood the cammands given over the intercom so when the pilot gave the 
command to bail out I checked with Musante and he started making preparations 
to bail out.  We both went to the escape hatch and I pulled the emergency release, 
and Musante stepped up to jumpl but for same reason he changed his mind, and 
motioned for me to jump first. Because two engines were on fire, and the plane 
seemed to be going down fast, I couldn't see any reason to waste ,more time, so I 
jumped. After my chute opened, I tried to keep my eye on the plane to see how 
many chutes opened but all I could ever see was eight chutes.

The underground organization that helped me told me that one of the crew 
members was killed when the plane went dcwn because his chute hung on the 
plane and fram their description I knew it was Musante.


MISSION LIST LT CLAYTOR: (courtesy of Paul Andrews-Luck of the Draw appendix)

#         DATE                TARGET                                  A/C NUMBER                            A/C NAME

1.    25 JUN 1943         BREMEN                                       25862                             DURATION + 6
       26 JUN 1943         LeMANS  (ABORT/WEATHER)      25862                          DURATION + 6
2.    28 JUN 1943         ST NAZAIRE (FLAK CITY)             25862                           DURATION + 6
3.    29 JUN 1943         LeMANS                                       25862                             DURATION + 6
4.     4  JUL 1943         LaPALLICE                                    25862                             DURATION + 6
5.   10 JUL 1943          LeBOURGET                                  25862                            DURATION + 6
6.   14 JUL 1943          LeBOURGET                                  25862                            DURATION + 6
7.   17 JUL 1943          HAMBURG                                     25862                            DURATION + 6
8.   12 AUG 1943        WESSLING                                   230380                                 LN-P
9.   15 AUG 1943        MERVILLE, AF & LILLE                  25867                             ALICE FROM DALLAS
10. 17 AUG 1943        REGENSBURG-SHOT DOWN       25867                             ALICE FROM DALLAS

Dear Mr , Mrs ,
 
Please find in the attachment the translation from the pages in a book about the escapelines here in Belgium during WW II and the story told by John Burgin the engineer of " Alice from Dallas ". I'm not sure if my computer is sending away all my e-mails  , would you be so kind give me a little sign that you received my mail .
 
Greetings from a cold and rainy Belgium
 
Alain Rosseels
alain-rosseels@scarlet.be
belgium 

In august 1943 Frans Govaerts from the sector Bilzen ( Belgian secret army ) came to me ( Frans Vangronsveld) –Some airman came down in the neightbourhood.He wanted that they could come to rest at my house for a few hours and that I would hep them with civilian clothes.My elderly house was at the outskirts of the village and a safe area. Govaerts gave my a part of a  letter and with this paper I had to go to a café in the nearby village Beverst. Here I met a certain man named Colson , a military from 11th Regiment.This man had the other part of the letter.We drove togheter to the castlof the village of Schoonbeek.Behind the forest was a big pasture with a stable.Here we found an american covered under the hay.He was dresses in civilian clothes but the didn’t fit him at all , his pants were to short and his shoes to big.All these clothes came from the countess of the Beverst castle. I tied to explain the american that he had to follow us on a bicycle and that I was going to put him on a train in Beverst. The station manager , who also was part of the Secret Army knew that we were coming .We put him on the train to Liége.
Frans Vangronsfeld did not know who the american was untill 36 years later when John Burgin visited Belgium , the man he put on the train was Lt Kenneth E Lorch , the bombardier.He stayed with Doctor Charles in Liége but was arrested later in France.

When I ( Frans Vangronsfeld ) came home after my job with the american , a man named Andries Poesen another with a second man stood in front of the house.Poesen said to me “ Give this man a hand “ I asked who he was and Poesen said to me “ an american “ He was well dressed , the man turned out to be George Mikel from 92 BG. This all happened on august 19 1944.

A few moments later Pieter Thijs and Colla Lathouwers from the village of Grote-Spouwen arrived with a thirt american , his name was John Burgin ( the engineer of Alice from Dallas )
John Burgin and his wife arrived back 36 years later in Belgium and he told his story ;

Our target was the Messerschmitt aircraft factorys at Regensburg.We belonged to the 350 BS 100 BG from Thorpe-Abbotts. Our crew was :

1st Lt Roy F Claytor pilot
Lt Raymond J Nutting co-pilot
Lt Oscar F Amison navigator
Lt Kenneth E Lorch bombardier
T/Sgt John Burgin engineer
S/Sgt Charles K Bailey gunner
T/Sgt Steve Copinzutsky radio ?????
S/Sgt William A Hinton ball turrett gunner
Sgt Joe Keikow tailgunner
Musante E gunner

We flew over Belgium , heading for Algiers in Marrocco and from there back to the UK.It was my 17th mission. Over the province of Limburg ( Belgium ) we were shot up by Flak at around 10.30 hrs AM.Immediatly our two wings were on fire.When the pilot gave the order to bail out I came out of my turrett.The pilot put the aircraft on auto-pilot and told us to get out as quick as possible. We bailed out from about 5.600 meters ( 15.500 feet )
Eight parachutes floated down.Later I found out from Sgt Bailey tha Musante and Hinton were killed when two Me 109 attacked us from behind. When I was hiding in the forest of the village Waltwider I saw some Germans looking for our tailgunner Sgt Keikow. He was picked up by the Germans as our navigator Lt Amison.The entire day and night the Germans were looking for me , lucky enough I had a very good hiding place and they didn’t fund me.I waited till the next day untill the Germans got in a truck and drove away.At the edge of the forest was a big pasture and a farmhouse.There were a lot opf people working overthere.We were told in the UK to talk only to  the elder people when we were trying to escape.I saw on elderly man working on his own , I watched him for a while. I got out of my hiding place and whistled.He saw me and I waved with my hand.He waved back but didn’t moved.So I went back to my hiding place , and the he came over to me.The first thing he did with me was hugging me.We sat down , and he pointed out on his wath the number 7.First I didn’t understand this , but he wanted to point out that I had to stay and waited untill 7 AM next morning.The next morning two man arrived and told me “ come, bycicle , come “ After some time we arrived at a big house ( the Vangronsfeld house )They took me upstaires and there I met George Mikel. We stayed at the house for two days and Frans an another man took us to the town of Hasselt.When we arrived in Hasselt on bicycleFrans leftuse waiting in a little park with a statue and we sat down on a rocky wall.This was in the immediately surroundings of the german Kommandtur( Headquarters )Suddenly a group of Germans left the building , but nothing happened to us.   

The next day Vangronsveld had to bring the two americans bij tram from Hasselt to Liége. Burgins said “ We stood at one side of the tramrails , our Belgian guards on the other side.They had told us not to stand to close to the other people waiting.Suddenly I German came right over to us.I had to think very quick how to react ;He sais something to me , I sais something , acting like someone who is deafHe loked at me , turned around and he went away.Wen we where in the tram , a German was sitting right over me , he looked at me and I looked back.Then I realised that I was still wearing my brown leather GI shoes !!!!!!!!!! 

In the town of Tongeren we took another tram to Liége. In Liége I saw back the German from the tram , he was a sergeant.We crossed the town and arrived in a café.In the backroom from the café I met Rudolphe Depelsenaire.He asked my name and more information about our plane.After that he told me that he already knew this because he had been talking to my pilot.The they brought me to a farm south-east of Liége. We got two times a day food.Every second day we could make a walk in a nearby pasture.One day we went back to Liége.I left with Emle Mawet and George Mikel. I never saw Mikel back- he was arrested.During several months he stayed in different camps before they sended him alos to Stalag Luft III Sagan. After a weeks with Mawet I had to leave , because they told me , that at school the little Mawet boy was asked several times if there was some stranger living with the family.Then the Delpensaire family gave me shelter.Food for me came from Professor Albert Shlag.One day Rudolphe took me to town to meet someone.At Dr Charles house I met our bombardier Lorch , cio-pilot Nutting and some more aircrew.I stayed with the Delpensaire family for six weeks.

*****************************************************************************************************************

-----Original Message-----
From: mike@100thbg.com
Date: 17 Feb 2007 02:39:35 
To:mike@100thbg.com
Cc:jan@100thbg.com, charlie@100thbg.com, les@100thbg.com
Subject: Feedback: from 100thbg.com

REPLY TO: terrytucker912@bellsouth.net
SUBMITTER: Mary E. Claytor
EMAIL: terrytucker912@bellsouth.net
PURPOSE: Report a website error
INTEREST: I am the veteran's relative
  
VETERAN: Roy F. Claytor
DATE OF DEATH: 09/18/2003 
FAMILY CONTACT: Mary E. Claytor 
546 Durham Drive 
B'ham, Al. 35209 205-871-6010
***************************************************************************************************************
NOTE: 
CREW

1st Lt William D. Desanders      P    COMPLETED TOUR 13 FEB 1944 
2nd Lt William J. Styles          CP    POW  25 July 1943  Warnemunde Keil
2nd Lt Calvin H. Defevre      NAV    KIA   25 July 1943  Warnemunde Keil
2nd Lt William E. Griffith      BOM    KIA   25 July 1943  Warnemunde Keil
T/Sgt Lester I. Berg               TTE    KIA   25 July 1943  Warnemunde Keil
S/Sgt   Charles J. Mayville     WG    KIA     25 July 1943   WarnemNnde Keil
T/Sgt   George L. Rudden     ROG   COMPLETED TOUR      (With Crew #10)
S/Sgt   Norman C. Eddy       BTG    KIA      25 July 1943   Warnemunde Keil
Pvt     Robert D. Lepper         WG    POW     25 July 1943   Warnemunde Keil
S/Sgt   Maynard T. Parsons    TG    POW   25 July 1943   Warnemunde Keil

 Crew #17 Aircraft #42 5867 "Alice From Dallas" M.A.C.R. #117

On July 25, 1943, Bill Desanders was either ill or on leave and Captain Richard Carey, Operations Officer of the 350th, flew in his stead and became a POW.  Another replacement on the crew this day was T/Sgt. Steven S. Kopczewski, the regular radio operator on Crew #11.  He was killed in action.

Unable to bomb Warnemunde, the primary target, the Group flew to Keil where intense flak was met.  Plane was so damaged by flak that Captain Carey decided to ditch in the sea.  All the crew except for pilot and copilot were in radio room when ship hit the water

Apparently, Parsons and Lepper, both of whom were wounded, got out of the overhead hatch but the others in the radio room were trapped and went down with the ship which rapidly sank.  A subsequent report by William Styles said that, "Griffith was struggling to get out of hatch as the plane was sinking, that is the last I saw of him."

During a search for survivors, Danish fishermen found the body of Sgt. Kopczewski but, after making certain of death, left it in the water.

Carey, Styles, Lepper and Parsons were picked up by a Danish fishing boat and the latter two were taken to a hospital in Schleswig
************************************************************************************************************
NOTE:
Bremen; Robert Wussow killed on this mission with Meadows's crew:

M.A.C.R #947         350th Sqdn.
Mission: Bremen         A/C #42-30358 "PHARTZAC"

Date: 8 Oct.1943

1st Lt Frank H.Meadows         P   KIA
2nd Lt Lloyd W.Evans           CP   KIA
2nd Lt Frank B.Bush           NAV   KIA
2nd Lt William C.Hubbard      BOM   POW
S/Sgt Robert H.Wussow       ROG   KIA  From "Original" Crew #11 Lt Roy Claytor
T/Sgt Harold R.Jackson       TTE   KIA
S/Sgt Richard H.Agor          BTG   KIA
S/Sgt James F.Ward            WG  POW
Sgt Dexter B.Pate              WG   KIA
S/Sgt Vincent D.Sapone      TG   KIA

This was apparently the seventh mission for all members of this crew with the exception of Bob Wussow & Dexter Pate. Wussow, the radio operator on the original crew #11,was probably about at the end of his tour. Pate was likely a replacement on the crew and the number of his missions is not known.

Lt.Hubbard,after the war,stated; "The reason I cannot answer most of these questions is because our plane had two bombs that failed to release and received a flak hit which caused them to explode. I being lucky enough to get out alive with quite a few injuries that caused me to become unconsious after I pulled the rip cord.One waist gunner (Jim Ward)was blown thru the side of the plane as it exploded. His chute opened and he reached ground.

S.O.C. P.20/23 has touching story of Agor ordering (in Sept.) roses to be sent to his mother in Shamokin,Pa for Christmas. They arrived many weeks after his death.

S.O.C. p.22  "James Ward,a gunner blown out of .Meadows'ship,pulled the rip cord before his mind blotted out,and Bill Hubbard,descending in his chute,saw Meadow's Fort drop by a super-highway near Bremen.Hubbard was clapped in "solitary",and threatened with death unless he would "talk",but he refused,and the Germans forced him to walk 100 miles to prison. Ward was unconscious 10 days in a hospital."

The dead of this crew were buried in a cemetary at Waller Friedhof,near Bremen.

***********************************************************************************************************

 

-----------------
Forwarded Message: 
Subj: Re: 100th unit list  
Date: 2/4/2007 1:38:55 A.M. Pacific Standard Time 
From: alain-rosseels@scarlet.be 
To: SSDRandy@aol.com 
Sent from the Internet (Details) 
 

 
Dear Mrs DeGarmo ,
 
Please let me introduce myself ,I'm 50 yaers old and an NCO in the Belgian Air Force. In my free time i am doing some amateur research on the air war over Belgium during WWII.I live with my family in the province of Limburg in the east part of Belgium in a town named Sint-Truiden some 30 km south -east from Munsterbilzen , the place were your fathers aircraft came down.We had here in Sint-Truiden a military airfield that was used by the Germans during the war.In the early days of the war the Germans buried allied airman on the communal cemetry off the place were they were found.Everey off these funerals were attended by a lot of local people, so the Germand didn't like that and from 1942 they started a cemetry for allied airman on the airfield wich was forbidden for local people.Since some years i'm trying to find out as much as possible on this former cemetry.In 1947 and 1948 all victims were exhumed and brought to a new military cemetry or in case of the Americans repatriated back to the USA.More than 520 allied airman were buried here in Sint-Truiden ( Saint-Trond in french ) When i was checking out my files i came over the name of S/Sgt Musante and S/Sgt Hinton who were part of your fathers crew. So i took contact with the 100 BG and asked them if anyone of the crewmembers were perhaps part of the association or if there was anyone relatives of these in contact with the 100 BG.I'm trying to find out as much possible on the crews who came down in Belgium and specialy on the man who were buried here in Sint-Truiden.
 
This is the information i have on your fathers crew but i think you will have it also    
 
 
17/08/1943
Munsterbilsen in Belgium
B-17F-30-VE
Schweinfurt/Regensburg(84)
# 42-5867    100BG-350BS            
Alice from Dallas

1st Lt    Claytor Roy F pilot (EVD)
2nd Lt Nutting R co-pilot (EVD)
2nd Lt Amison Oscar C 0-735962 navigator (POW) Stalag Luft 3
T/Sgt Burgin JW engineer (EVD)
S/Sgt Bailey C. (EVD) 
2nd LT Lorch Kenneth R bombardier 0-734714 (POW) Stalag Luft 3
S/Sgt Starkey Clifford R 36189601. (POW)Stalag 17b
S/Sgt Quinn WM (EVD )
S/Sgt Kehoe JE. (POW) wgnr

Probably shot down by Unteroffizier Fritzlehner Fritz from the 12 Staffel Jagdgeschwader 26 at 12.10 hrs.
 
I hope that i was able to help you.
 
Greetings
 
Alain Rosseels
Sint-Truiden 
Belgium
----- Original Message ----- 
From: SSDRandy@aol.com 
To: alain-rosseels@scarlet.be 
Sent: Friday, February 02, 2007 7:52 PM
Subject: 100th unit list


Alain
 
I am Charlie Amison's daughter.  He spent 1 1/2 years in Stalag III.  After returning to the US, he was a pilot for Pan American Airways, and we moved to Lima, Peru for a year.  After that, we returned to Florida where he was an insurance agent until his death.  Besides myself, he had a son, Charles Scott, who died at the age of 37 of cancer in Ft. Lauderdale, FLA.  He had 4 grandchildren that he never really got to know.
 
   I can tell you that he died April 9, 1968 in Palm Beach County, FLA.  His wife, Connie, passed away 3 years later.
 
Jim Nutting was my godfather.  He lived all his life in California.  He died several years ago..sorry, I don't know the exact date.  I was in touch with his wife til about  years ago, when we lost contact.
 
It is exciting to find out that someone else is interested in this same group of men.  I don't know about any of the other men.  If you learn something, would you please keep me informed?  I have very little information about my own father.
 
Thank you
 Carole 'Randy' Amison DeGarmo
ssdrandy@aol.com

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: Regensburg DATE: 1943-08-17  
AIRCRAFT: "Alice From Dallas" (42-5867) CAUSE: FLAK-Explosion  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  

PHOTOS:

Left-Right: Amison, Wussow, Kopczewski, Kehoe, Musante, Lorch, Bailey, Burgin, Nutting, and Claytor (courtesy of Nick Lorch)

The second group in the 100th Bomb Group to be awarded the Air Medal (from the photo collection of John Luckadoo). 

 

SERVED IN:

Crew 1

ID: 73