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LT  Donald W. HUFFER

UNIT: 351st BOMB Sqdn POSITION: NAV
SERIAL #: O-746582 STATUS: POW
MACR: 05165 CR: 05165

Comments1: 24 MAY 44 BERLIN (CREW 26. A/C 31306) (EAC)

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

2nd Lt Emil J. Siewert                    P KIA     24/5/44        BERLIN
2nd Lt Wayne S. Proulx               CP POW   24/5/44        BERLIN
2nd Lt Donald W. Huffer             NAV POW 24/5/44 WIA BERLIN
2nd Lt Irving Jacobowitz             BOM KIA   24/5/44        BERLIN
S/Sgt Julian T. Barkman              ROG POW 24/5/44        BERLIN
S/Sgt Oliver B. Scully                  TTE POW 24/5/44         BERLIN
Sgt Chester J. Padlo                   BTG POW 24/5/44 WIA  BERLIN
Sgt Francis X. Cousins                 RWG POW 24/5/44 WIA BERLIN
Sgt Earle F. Bell                          LWG CPT
Sgt Frank V. Kroczynski                 TG KIA   24/5/44        BERLIN

351st Sqdn.  Crew, as above, joined the 100th Group on 12/4/44.  MACR #5165, Microfiche #1851, A/C #42 31306. "NELSON KING"
Sgt Max Friedman (BTG) from Capt Joseph "Fuzzy" Zeller Crew flew as LWG on this crew for all missions except on May 24, 1944.   S/Sgt Edwin I. Morgan, from the crew of A.L. Barker (one of the "original" 100th crews) was with this crew as LWG on 24/5/44 and became a POW. This crew was on it's 11th mission. No record of why Sgt Bell flew no missions with this crew? 

Over the target area at approx. 1115 hours this A/C was attacked by many enemy fighters. Apparently S/Sgt Frank V. Kroczynski
was killed in the first fighter attack. As to Lt Irving Jacobowitz, Lt Wayne S. Proulx had this to say in the MACR: "He might have
been killed by the explosion as he bailed out, but since he was out of his chute when I saw him lying on the ground, he might 
have been killed by German civilians."

T/Sgt Oliver B. Scully always believed the exploding oxygen bottles blew the nose off before Lt Emil J. Siewert could bail out.

MISSIONS FOR LT SIEWERT CREW

Date      Aircraft Nbr&Name               Target
5/1/1944 31256-KING BEE II               SAARGUEMINES/WIZERNES
5/8/1944 38047-FEVER BEAVER          BERLIN & LAGLACERIE
5/9/1944 38047-FEVER BEAVER          LAON/COUVRON; ANTHIES
5/11/1944 37936-ALL AMERICAN GIRL LIEGE
5/12/1944 31256-KING BEE II             BRUX, OIL REFINERY
5/19/1944 31530-QUITTIN TIME         BERLIN
5/20/1944 31530-QUITTIN TIME         BRUSSELS
5/23/1944 31767-OUR GAL SAL          TROYES
5/24/1944 31306-NELSON KING          BERLIN


November 14, 1948  (information provided by Peter Cousins July 2001 to  mpf)

To Whom It May Concern,
 I Technical Sergeant Francis Cousins Jr.  A.A.F. 33288676, Formerly with the 351st Bomb Squadron, 100th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force, Based at Thorpe Abbotts, England.  On May 24, 1944 at approx 10:30, while flying over Berlin, Germany, the aircraft on which I was was a  crew member was struck by flak, enabling number 3 &4 engines, causing us to lose altitiude and pull out of formation.  We were by ourselves at about 21,000 feet altitude when were attacked by 5 FW 190's.  I received a machine gun bullet in my right thiegh on the second pass causing me to be knocked back to the rear door.  The ship caught on fire at the gasoline tank on the right wing forcing us to parachute out.  I dragged myself to the escape hatch and bailed out having trouble with my chute, it opened at about 8000 feet at the cloud level.  I landed in a ploughed field.  Due to the condition of my leg, I could not move to hide. I was observed by a Polish slave laboror who tried to ge me to move into the woods that were a short distance away. Seeing my condition,  he left to get help.  Soon after he left , two Hitler Youths came over,  seeing that I was an American they beat me up and stole my watch and other personal items.  A German soldier came over and chased them away.
 A German civilian was going to shoot me but was stopped by another civilian who said he was a prisoner in America in the First World War and was well treated by the Americans.  The Pole in the meantime came back with a two wheel wagon.  They had picked up my Navigator 1st Lt Donald W. Huffer, who at the time was also suffering from flak wounds and an injured hand.  They placed me in the wagon and took us to a small village.  Throm there they pu us in a station wagon and took us to a town called Woodstock or Whittstock approx 70 kilo's N.W. of BERLIN.  We laid in a Police station until about 11 O'Clock that night  without medical attention or food.  Then we were chained in a truck and taken to a small aid station, it must have been at an airfield because I could hear aircraft engines.  We were examined by a German officer, I think he was a medical officer because he ordered my leg put in a splint and I was given a shot that relieved the pain somewhat.
 The next day or the day after I am not sure because things were pretty hazy, we were moved in a truck to a camp at New Ruppin, Germany.  The barracks we were placed in were prefabricated  huts, about 25 ft long and about 20 feet wide.  There were 20 double decked wooden beds with straw mattresses in the building.  There were no sanitary facilities in the baracks, outside there was one water tank used by all.  The kitchen was in a seperate hut, the cook was a German soldier who owned a restaurant in Berlin so most of our food went there.  Our ration consisted of a cup of watery coffee and two peices of black bread with margarine or synthetic jam for breakfast.  Two potatoes and a cup of cabbage or turnups for lunch and  for dinner it was the same as for lunch.  We received 85 grams of meat per week, if we were lucky.
 Our Medical attendants were two Russians who were captured in the invasion of the Ukrain, one was a medical officer, Dr Theadore Fakeow and the other Capt Jacob Charchieck.  They changed our bandages and dressed our wounds under the supervison of the German doctor who came to see us from a nearby Hospital.  His Name was Dr Wilkie (or Willie).  He would visit us once or twice a week to check on our conditon.  In the meantime we were pretty hungary as the food wasn't sufficient for our needs.  We were losing weight pretty fast. I lived there until the first of August, then I was placed in a Plaster of Paris cast and sent to Dulag Luft at Frankfurt Germany for interrogation.  Because I was shot down 3 months previous I was considered to old and was not interrogated.  On August 8th, I was sent to a prision comp at Ohermannsfeld in Thurm---
Germany.  It was a Prison Hospital, staffed by English who were captured in Africa and the fall of France in 1940.  
 The food situation was little better there as we received an occasional RED CROSS food parcel.  There were 4 men to a parcel.  Some weeks if we had a shipment of parcels there would be two men to a parcel.  I was sent to another hospital approximately 5 miles away in the latter part of January.  I stayed there until the first part of March when due to a when due to a coming attack ...........??

December 5, 1944 from Mr C.S. Sanns to Mr Cousins

Dear Mr Cousins,
   Tonight over the German short wave , we picked up a Medical report on you son Sgt Francis Cousins.   He is in a hospital in Germany and is getting along fine,  They did not say what hospital he is in but said that you have nothing to worry about, as his condition is very good,
                                               Sincerely, Mr C. S. Sanns


April 8, 1945, from Mr & Mrs F.L. Cooper to Mr Francis Cousins

Dear Mr Cousins,
 On April 4th, the German Short wave radio broadcast a medical report to you about your son Sgt Francis Cousins. "His right leg was broken above the knee.  He is receiving functional followup treatment."  These reports are not dated and often are old, some being sent after the man has left the hospital.  Lately, some have been repeats of previous reports and a few were from a hospital already liberated.  With our sincere hope that your son will return to you safely and very soon.  
                                             signed Mr and Mrs F.L. Cooper

MEMO 2:

Wounded by FLAK and injured in hand.

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: Berlin DATE: 1944-05-24  
AIRCRAFT: "Nelson King" (42-21306) CAUSE: FLAK - FW190 - Fire  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  
ID: 2465