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LT  Paul L. VALENTINE

UNIT: 349th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: CP

 Lt. Paul Valentine (Paul Valentine collection) 

SERIAL #: STATUS: CPT
MACR:

Comments1: 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG (100TH'S LAST MISSION

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

CREW FLYING AT END OF HOSTILITIES

2nd Lt Raymond N.Wieland        P    CPT  TAPS: 23 MAY 1965
2nd Lt Paul LeRoy.Valentine     CP   CPT   20/4/45  ORANIENBURG, MY (100TH LAST COMBAT MISSION) moved to J.W. King Crew
2nd Lt Anthony J.Pranger      NAV  FEH
Cpl David E.Clowe                 TTE    FEH
Cpl Arthur A. Edmonston       ROG    FEH
 Cpl Marvin F.Barner               BTG    KIA   31/3/45 (With crew of A.G.Larson) 
Cpl Robert F.Joyce,               TOG    FEH TAPS 5 MAY 1990
 Cpl John C.Ciaccia                  WG   FEH  TAPS: 26 OCT 1986
Cpl Fred E. "Tex" Appleby,Jr.   TG   FEH

349th Sqdn.  Crew,as above,joined the 100th Group on 3/12/44.  Paul Valentine joined the crew of J.W.King and 
finished with them according to a letter to this writer by Robert Culp…jb

With some changes, this became a Lead Crew.  On April 3, 1945 this crew's makeup was as follows

Maj. J.B. Milling                      Command Pilot  (351st BS C.O.)
Lt Raymond Wieland              Pilot
Lt Paul Valentine                   Co-Pilot (formation officer)
Lt Pranger                            Navigator
Lt Jack Tolliver                       Bombardier (originally on Lt Joseph King Crew)
T/Sgt David Clowe                 Top Turret Engineer
T/Sgt Arthur Edmonston         Radio Operator Gunner
Lt Ray Decker                        Mickey Operator (originally a Bombardier on Lt Walter Charles Crew, reclassifed to Radar Operator)
S/Sgt Ciaccia                         Waist Gunner
S/Sgt Fred "Tex" Appleby Jr.  Tail Gunner

"Our first mission on my return from leave was a tough one.  There were many flak guns guarding the target and several German fighter airfields near our route to the target.  For this mission there would be a full colonel for division flying in my position.  Out squadron will be flying group lead.  In this position our plane is equiped with Mickey, a through the clouds bombsight.  The target is Nuremberg.  Meteorology has guarenteed a beautiful clear day, all day.  Today, I am supposed to ride in the tail as group fromation control officer. I didn't go there. I told our regular tail gunner to take his normal position.  In case of fighter attack he is the best man for that position.  The flight to the buncer beacon was pleasant and uneventful and the planes formed quickly into formation.  Our group entered the bomber steram on time and in the correct position.  The trip to the target was routine.  The sky was blue and the sun was bright.  The bombing altitude was twenty thousand feet.  This is the lowest I can ever recall going on a bomb run, since I have been with the group.
    When we reached the I.P. and turned on the bomb run, all hell broke lose.  There was heavy flak and German fighters coming in form all over.  I was manning a waist gun.  The next thing I remember was a big bang and the sound of shattering plywood and tin being crumbled up.  On the intercom, the radar operator in the radio room screamed, 'I have been hit.'  He came stumbling through a large hole where the partition and the door to the radio room used to be, between the waist and the radio room. There was a large hole through the radio room floor and the skin of the airplane.  About half of the radio room floor was gone.  The oxygen tanks were located in that area and the shell that hit us blew up the tanks, causing more damage to the plane.  The radio operator, sitting beside the radar operator, was perfectly all right.  I think that was a miracle.  He stayed at his postion and continued on whth his work, with half the radio room gone.
    At this late time on the bomb run, there was no way that we could abort the group lead position.  We had no oxygen and had to breath the air at this altitude.  The atmosphere at twentythousand feet is sufficent to survive on without extra oxygen.  However, you would have to restrict your physical activity to an absolute minimum.  If we were to get excited or have physical activity, we could become light headed and even pass out.  It appeared to us that the Mickey operator had some small pieces of flak in the calf of his leg.  We made him as comfortable as we could back in the waist.  Our lives had been spared by the low altitude for this mission.  Had we been at twenty six or thirty thousand feet, where most of the missions I had been on were flown, we would have had to abort the formation and dive for a lower altitued.  Leaving the safety fo the group fire power would have given the fighters easy access to our crippled B-17. 
    As we started our long let down on the return trip, the lower the altitued, the easier it was to breath.  We had radioed ahead and after landing there was an ambulance waitinf for the Mickey operator.  He had some small pieces of metal removed from his leg and there was no after effects.  When he was back on his feet, the public relations officer had the radio operator and the radar operator stand on the ground with their heads and shoulders up through the hole into the radio room for a picture. 
    Once again everything worked out to our best advantage.   A hit a few feet in any direction would have been a tragic disaster.  Reality agin, that this is war, that men and and equipment are expendable.  The Air Force doctrin, 'We never miss a target because of enemy opposition.'


Hope the information wasn't too long.  Harry Valentine


CREW

2ND LT JOSEPH W. KING            P CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY SEE NOTE BELOW
2ND LT  GEORGE E. MAYBERRY CP NOC BECAME 349TH ENG OFFICER  TAPS: 08 SEP 1977
2ND LT ROBERT C. CULP      NAV CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY
2ND LT JACK D. TOLLIVER     BOM NOC     LEFT CREW FOR LEAD CREW TRAINING  (see below)
T/SGT ROLAND A. ECKERT   ROG CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY
T/SGT EDWARD F.MAZANEC   TTE CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY
T/SGT ANGELO A. LaSALLE     BTG CPT 5  APR 45 NURNBURG, MY TAPS: 19 MAR 1982
S/SGT LESTER E. PRELLWITZ     WG CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY
S/SGT JAMES R. SMITH, JR       TG CPT 20 APR 45 ORANIENBURG, MY

349TH SQDN… CREW JOINED THE 100TH ON 24 DEC 1944. FLEW FIRST MISSION 17 JAN 45 (HAMBURG) AND THE 100TH'S FINAL MISSION (ORANIENBURG) 20 APR 45.  THEY FLEW FIVE (5) "CHOW HOUND" MISSION, DROPPING FOOD IN HOLLAND AFTER 20 APR 45.

JACK TOLLIVER LEFT THE CREW AFTER AROUND 12 MISSIONS FOR LEAD CREW TRAINING (REPLACED BY S/SGT SYMOUR MYERS courtesy of robert culp) AND GEORGE MAYBERRY DEPARTED AFTER 20 MISSIONS TO BECOME THE 349TH'S ENGINEERING OFFICER.

AT MAYBERRY'S DEPARTURE, LT PAUL VALENTINE JOINED THE CREW AS CP.  HE HAD CAME TO THE 100TH WITH THE R.N. WIELAND CREW ON 03 DEC 1944. WHEN T/SGT LaSALLE COMPLETED HIS SECOND TOUR, HE WAS REPLACED BY T/Sgt James McCullough FROM LT FOWLER'S CREW (see below) 

NOTE
LT J.W. KING HAD PART OF HIS STABLIZER KNOCKED OFF BY A WING FROM THE ME-109 THAT COLLIDED WITH 43-38514 ON THE 100TH 7 APR 45 MISSION TO BUCHEN.  LT KING MANAGED TO RETURN THE AIRCRAFT WITH ITS ENTIRE CREW SAFELY TO THORPE ABBOTTS. HE RECEIVED THE D.F.C. FOR HIS THIS FEAT OF AIRMANSHIP. 

CREW FLEW A/C 43-37972 'GOLD BRICK" FOR 18 OF THEIR MISSIONS.  
 

Missions flown with JW King Crew"

APR 05, 1945 NURENBURG  A/C 972 "GOLD BRICK"
APR 06, 1945 LEIPZIG  A/C 972
APR 07, 1945 BUCHEN  A/C 972 RAMMED BY ME 109, RIGHT STABILIZER KNOCKED OFF
APR 11, 1945 INGOLSTADT  A/C 313
APR 14, 1945 ROYAN   A/C 313
APR 15, 1945 ROYAN   A/C 313
APR 16, 1945  PONT-DE-GRAVES A/C 313
APR 17, 1945 AUSSIG  A/C 972 GOLD BRICK
APR 18, 1945 STRAUBING  A/C 972 GOLD BRICK
APR 20, 1945 ORANIENBURG  A/C 865 GOIN MY WAY

CHOW HOUND MISSIONS:

MAY 01, 1945 WALKENBURG AF HOLLAND   A/C 972 DROPPED BURLAP BAGS OF POTATOS FROM  400 FEET
                                                                    TARGET MARKET BY BED SHEETS IN SHAPE OF CROSS
MAY 02, 1945 ARNHEM, HOLLAND (SCHIPHOL AF)  A/C 972 MESSAGE ON GROUND MADE FROM BED SHEETS READ 
                                                                    "THANKS BOYS" DROPPED C RATIONS
MAY 05, 1945 HILVERSUM, HOLLAND   A/C 972 
MAY 06, 1945 HILVERSUM, HOLLAND   A/C 972


CREW
              CREW  FLYING AT END OF HOSTILITES
1st Lt George S.Fowler         P  FEH TAPS 1992
2nd Lt Harry F.McKnight      CP  FEH TAPS 1973
1st Lt Billy M.Bittle,Jr.        N   FEH TAPS 1991
F/0 Arnold L.Wimer          B    FEH
Cpl Reuben W.Erickson     R    FEH  sn#37563316
Cpl Neil J.Norfolk             WG    FEH
Cpl Robert J.Kennedy       BT  FEH
Cpl John G.Marlowe           TG  FEH TAPS UNK
Cpl James M.McCullough     TTE  FEH  sn# 35625702


350th Sqdn.  Crew,as above,joined the 100th Group on 24/12/44.
T/Sgt James M. McCullough flew with both the 350th and 349th Squadrons. After 21/03/45 Plauen mission, T/Sgt James McCullough is transferred to 349th Sqdrn Crew of 2nd Lt  Joe King.
**************************************************************************************************************

Dear Mike:
        Today while driving slowly through the Bethlehem Cemetery in Ann Arbor, MI, I came upon the grave of a Paul LeRoy Valentine who died in 1992. On his grave stone was an etched picture of a B-17G with a square D on its tail.
        I looked through all the 100th rosters I have but could find only brief listings of his service (CP) with the group and no notice of his death. I really don't know what to do with this info except to pass it along to you. I thought you would like to know this much anyway.   
        We continue to take each day as it comes. Marie's health is fragile at age 93. We have added another staff member to our homecare group to ease the load I have been doing for the past 10-15 years. At 85 I am finally running out of steam, I guess. We had decided not to move into any sort of retirement home but simply stay put, bringing in help as we need it.
                        Best wished to you,
                                                           John Alden Clark

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: DATE:  
AIRCRAFT: CAUSE:  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  

PHOTOS:

A-2 Belonging to Paul Valentine of the 349th Squadron

Michael Faley, Mike, Great photo of Paul Valentine, could you please add to his Stateside photos  (son Harry Valentine photo credit)

The Hawk. Jacket of Paul Valentine, Co-Pilot on the Raymond N. Wieland crew.

 The Raymond N. Wieland crew. After this crew left Ardmore, OK, and completed their Phase Training, I believe this photo was taken as the Replacement Center in Lincoln, NE after the crew received their new flying clothing. (Note Clowe's TTE light colored fur collar.) L to R Rear: Waist Gunner John C. Ciaccia, Ball Turret Gunner Marvin F. Barner, Radio Operator Gunner Arthur A. Edmonston, Nose Gunner Robert F. Joyce, and Top Turret Engineer David E. Clowe. L to R Front: Tail Gunner Fred E. "Tex" Appleby, Jr., Co-Pilot Paul L. Valentine, Navigator Anthony J. Pranger, and Pilot Raymond N. Wieland. Wieland Crew Information. (Photo courtesy of Harry Valentine, son of Paul Valentine) 

 From left: Jack D. Tollivar, M. Cable, Roland Eckert, Paul Valentine of the Joseph W. King crew. Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives) 

Paul L. Valentine 349th CP Raymond Wieland Crew

Crew List for September 1st, 1945. William G. Smith Crew is #8.  Note changes in crew members and positions vs During the War.  

 

SERVED IN:

Crew 1

Crew 2

ID: 5285