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LT  Thomas J. TRACY

UNIT: 349th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: NAV
SERIAL #: O-769667 STATUS: KIA
MACR: 05170 CR: 05170

Comments1: 24 MAY 44 BERLIN (CREW 37 PL 102624) (EAC) - CLARKE T. JOHNSON CREW

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

   Lt George S.Allen               P    CPT       9/9/44    DUSSELDORF                                     sn# 0-753839
   Lt Orton H.Symer,Jr.           CP   CPT     9/9/44  DUSSELDORF                                        sn# 0-819210   
   Lt Thomas J. Tracy           NAV   KIA     24/5/44     BERLIN (with Lt Clarke T. Johnson Crew)
   Lt William A.Stewart          BOM  CPT      9/9/44  DUSSELDORF                                        sn# 0-759879
T/Sgt Robert A. Monroe       ROG   RFS    15/8/44    VENLO (after 30 missions)                     sn# 39313008          
T/SgtWiilliam M..Oberman      TTE  CPT      9/9/44  DUSSELDORF                                         sn# 36635419   
S/Sgt Richmond L.Bessey      BTG   CPT      9/9/44  DUSSELDORF                                        sn# 31200232
Sgt Stanley Gottlieb              WG   RFS     Air Sickness (flew one mission) 
Sgt David Jacques                 WG   RFS     Was left in Base Hospital in Bangor Maine
S/Sgt Ray A. Matz                 WG   RFS     Assigned to Crew upon arrival to replace Jacques     sn# 33230747
S/Sgt Lester Jackson             TG   WIA     29/7/44    Merseburg 

349th Sqdn. Assigned in April 1944.  Appears as  Crew #12 on Combat Crew Roster of 11/8/44.

Lt Eluid J.Knapp  NAV (from the James W. McGuire Crew) was one of many Navigators to fly with Lt Allen's Crew.  He  CPT his 
tour with the Allen Crew on 24/8/44-RUHLAND.   S/Sgt Wilbur F.Williams, TG  (from Lt Herres Crew) replaced Sgt Jackson after Jul 29, 1944.  He CPT his tour on 9/9/44-DUSSELDORF with Allen Crew.  After one mission, Sgt Gottlieb was removed from flying staus due to air sickness and replaced by S/Sgt John Wargo (from Lt Becktoft Crew) and completed his missions on Jun 18, 1944-BRUNSBUTTELKOOG.
Upon completion of his tour, S/Sgt Ray Matz was replaced on the crew by S/Sgt Joeseph Costanza (from Lt John Keys Crew).  His first mission with the crew was Aug 15, 1944 to Venlo and his last was Sept 9, 1944 to Dusseldorf. Joe was from NYC and he fit in with the crew well.  He almost cried when we finished our tour, as he had more missions to go and dreaded flying with a new Crew.  He did complete his tour on Oct. 4, 1944-NURNBURG, Crew unknow.  We had several different Navigators (Tracy, Knapp, Holmes), we never did get to know them well.  Ray Matz was grounded around the end of July due to combat fatigue.  Bob Monroe was grounded after 30 missions for the same reason.  They both went home.  The replacements were not billeted in our hut so I didn't get to know them very well.  We only spoke to one another before we went on a mission, and then we were all busy cleaning our guns, checking ammo and such.  These chores were done in darkness… courtesy of S/Sgt William Oberman and son Mark  (mpf 2002)     


CREW

2nd Lt Clarke T.Johnson                 P  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
2nd Lt Raymond R.Lund               CP  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
2nd Lt Willard J.Hahn                BOM  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
S/Sgt Robert L.Black                   ROG  POW 24/5/44 BERLIN
T/Sgt Thomas Beveridge,Jr    .     TTE  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
Sgt David L.Scofield                     BTG  POW 24/5/44 BERLIN
Sgt Robert F.Brook                     RWG  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
Sgt Laurence A.St.John               LWG  KIA   24/5/44 BERLIN
Sgt Lawrence W.Barger                 TG  POW 24/5/44 BERLIN

349th Sqdn.  Crew,as above,joined the 100th Group on 9/5/44. This was their first combat mission. On 24/5/44, a Lt.Thomas J.Tracy (from Lt George Allen Crew) was aboard as navigator and was KIA.  In a letter from Robert Black, the crews original navigator was 2nd Lt Longstreet but he "washed out" and the crew went overseas as a nine man crew.  This would account for why Lt Thomas Tracy  (from Lt George Allen Crew) was onboard that day" (mpf 2001)

A/C# 42-102624   MACR #5170   Microfiche #1854

Go to 100th Date Change file and open Lt Clarke T. Johnson Crew Mission BERLIN for full story of shot down byT/Sgt Robert Black.

In letter to Jan Riddling(3/8/00), Robert Black states that for some reason, several non-coms were given another stripe once they were assigned to the 100th Bomb Group.  Unusual, he was told, since this usually comes after several missions had been completed".  Anyway Black says that the ranks should be changed as follows:

Larry Barger-S/SGT
Larry St Johns-S/SGT
Bobby Brooks-S/SGT
Dave Scofield-S/SGT
Robert Black-T/SGT


2nd Lt Clarke T.Johnson P KIA 24/5/44 SN 0-754012 Forest Cemetery, Circleville, OH

2nd Lt Raymond R.Lund CP KIA " SN 0-816689 Mount Hope Cemetery, West Point, NE

2nd Lt Willard J.Hahn B KIA " SN 0-757517 Forestvale Cemetery, Helen, MT

S/Sgt Robert L.Black R POW "

T/Sgt Thomas Beveridge,Jr . E KIA " SN 19061304 Ardennes American Cemetery

Sgt David L.Scofield BT POW " Taps: 11 Feb 1967

Sgt Robert F.Brooks RW KIA " SN 33596487 Ardennes American Cemetery

Sgt Lawrence A.St.John LW KIA " SN 38340504 Ardennes American Cemetery

Sgt Lawrence W.Barger TG POW "

1st Lt Thomas Tracy-SN# 0-703667  Ardennes American Cemetary


Response from T/Sgt Robert Black concerning the killing of one of his Crew by German soldiers.... (mpf 2001)

"Your question regarding the shooting of one of my crew is an interesting
one.

I saw our plane (less the section back of my radio room) coming down.  
It turned in the air and looked like a large boomerang circling.  It crashed
(it had no bombs, remember story?)  and burst into a large fireball with
much smoke and noise.  I believe there was a fence of some sort near the
plane that  blocked my vision somewhat.  I must have been a mile or so away.
I did hear muffled voices after the weak "help...... ;help...

I believe the German G.I.,s  found our G.I. in such poor condition they just
shot him.  I've always felt it was a blessing.

Which crew member you asked.  Scofield, Barger, and I landed safely.  St.
Johns and my very good buddy Bobby Brooks who were terrified were in the
waist as the plane went into its dive.  They rode it down.

I think Johnson, Lund,  and Beveridge were killed while in the air.  That
leaves Tracy and Will Hahn.   Hahn was alive when we were at 5,000 feet.  My
guess is they shot Will Hahn.. May God bless him.

In 1989 I located Hahn's half brother in Helena, Montana.  I told him Will
had very likely saved my life and the lives of two others.  He said he had
never thought of his brother as being a hero.  I do."


MEMO
ROBERT BLACK LIVES IN HENDERSONVILLE, NC  PHONE (704) 693-3275

E-Mail note from Robert Black to Michael P. Faley (May 21, 2001)Subject: Martin Hoskinson crash
It has been reported that this plane, which went down on May 24, 1944, may have been hit by a bomb from an American plane above. It seems this is not true.
I have been in touch with a German researcher who sent me the following:
Dear Robert:
Please let me give you an overview from this day out of the German eyes: On this May 24, 1944 was from the Germans point of view a big air battle in the region of south Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost county of Germany with border to Denmark.
The combat boxes of the BG's were flying in lots of cirrus clouds and the sight was extremely bad. So the German fighters made lots of passes and could not see exactly distances to the bombers. They said it was a milky haze from the cirrus and from the smoke of the engines.. In this air battle only in our region were KIA 3 fighter pilots, one of them was the wing commander of I./JG 11 1st. Lt. Konig. Konig was coming from the night fighters with only one eye and on this day due to extreme bad view he crashed into a B-17, obviously on one of the three reported. His wing was seen falling off and his FW 190 spiraled down.
After his death 1st. Lt. Koing was made Captain and got the knights cross. Another two pilots were shot down and wounded. In the air was a mixture of Me 109s and FW 190s.
This battle is called "Die Luftschlacht bei Kaltenkirchen" the air battle at Kaltenkirchen. Kaltenkirchen a/f was a well-known airfield in the region.
From Kaltenkirchen a/f to the crash point of the three B-17
Nr. 2102635 Hoskinson at east of Itzstedt
Nr. 2102648 Roeder at west of Sulfeld 
Nr. 21026624 Johnson northeast of Rotenhahnare only about 30 km.
2102635 Hoskinson at Itzstedt and 2102648 Roeder at Sulfeld crashed only 200 m away from each other and I think that one of them had the air crash with commander Konig, If you know what position Hoskinson was flying it would be possible to say exactly that this ship had the crash.
The whole formation of I./JG 11 on this day had only 9 or 11 planes! (in another e-mail from our contact he reports another 30 German planes were in the air battle bringing the total to 40 which our U.S. records indicate.)
Should have had 27. The school chronicle says, that the plane with big noise came down out of the clouds and crashed into the earth exploding and burning with a big cloud of smoke. All airmen in the Itzstedt B-17 were dead inside the plane and burned by fire and the 10th lay outside the plane on a field. .
Robert L. Black, survivor of 2102624, crashed at Rotenhahn, had not seen a German fighter crashing into his plane as the survivors of the Roeder crew did not.. So from todays point of view 1st. Lt. Konig must have crashed into 2102635 Hoskinson.
In an earlier book by German fighter Fritz Engau says " This head on attack was one of the strangest and almost ghostly mission of I./JG 11. In more than 6,000 M (about 20,000 feet) the first B-17 appeared shadowy in a milky haze and made their vapor trails in this haze. The following b-17s made more and more vapor trails into haze and condensed the carped. Lt. Konig, who had only one eye made his head on pass obviously to late and crashed by accident into the B-17. Engau was flying second to the right and he saw something like a flash or explosion and thereafter-big pieces in the air. He had as well a B-17 in his Revi and shot some rounds but he got no credit this day.  Lt. Hans Heinrich "King" Konig was one of the experienced day fighting commanders with 28 credits-20 4 engine bombers.
Bob Black

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: Berlin DATE: 1944-05-24  
AIRCRAFT: (42-102624) CAUSE: EAC  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: B ROW: 15  
GRAVE: 15 CEMETERY: Ardennes, Neuville-en-Cond, Belgium  
ID: 5216