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LT  Robert L. PHILLIPS

UNIT: 349th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: CP
SERIAL #: STATUS: CPT
MACR:

Comments1: 4 MAR 44 BERLIN (with Lt William Murray Crew)

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

 Capt Robert H. Lohof              P POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN TAPS: 28 OCT 1985
 Capt Gerald R. Putnam      COM P POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 1st Lt Robert L. Phillips, Jr       CP CPT  4 MAR 44 BERLIN  (with Lt William B. Murray Crew, see below)
 1st Lt William E. Vaden         NAV POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 1st Lt Paul T. Davis              BOM POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 T/Sgt Guy L. Brown             ROG POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 T/Sgt Sidney A. Goldenberg  TTE POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 S/Sgt Vern R. Lines              BTG POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 S/Sgt Richard L. David          RWG POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 S/Sgt James M. Butler          LWG POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
 S/Sgt George W. Briggs          TG POW  3 MAR 44 BERLIN
                       (G.W.Briggs died 11 Apr 45 -see POW Dr report below)
         
349th Sqdn.  Arrived at 100th Bomb Group in September 1943.  This crew was on it's 24th mission.  
See lost crews (J.G. Gossage & R.D.Vollmer) of 3 Mar 44 for more information on loss of this aircraft.  
MACR # 3022, Microfiche # 1022  A/C #42-31970
Lt Phillips was bumped off the mission because Capt. Putnam flew as Command Pilot. Lt Phillips flew final two mission with Lt William B. Murray Crew.

All ten men on the Putnam/Lohof Crew safely parachuted into northern Germany and were taken prisoner.  George Briggs the tail gunner died while in captivity.  Vollmer was on his 14th mission, flying Capt. Putnams original "Murderers Row".  Five men on this crew were KIA, Vollmer and four others were taken POW.

According to Dr. Leslie Caplan's M. D.* sworn affadavit  in Minneaplos,MN on
Dec 48 & Jan 48, he reports:

At 0200 on April 9, l945 at a barn in Wohlen, Germany, S/Sgt George W.
Briggs (Ser #39 193 615, TG of the Capt Robert H. Lohof crew, 
(which crashed March 3, l944 @ Berlin), was suddenly overcome by violent
shaking of the entire body & soon went into a coma.  

This patient was sent tp a German hospital. We were under the jurisdiction of
 POW Camp Stalag IIB & they voluntarily sent this patient to a hospital.  This is
in marked contrast to the treatment received when we were under the
jurisidiction of Stalag Luft 4 when every hopitalization was either
refused or granted after a long series of waiting for gaurds, waiting
for permission to see Capt Weinert and awaiting his decision. In spite
of the prompt hospitalization, this patient died on April 11, 1945. No
doubt this death was largely caused by being weakened on the first march
while under the jurisdiction of Stalag 4.

*Dr. Leslier Caplan continued to help ex-prisoners of war until his
death.

National Medial Research Committee
American Ex-Prisoners of War, Inc.
1410 Adler Road
Marshfield, WI 54449

AMBC;

S/Sgt George W. Briggs, US Army Air Force, Service #39193615,  
349th Bomb Sqdn, 100th Bomb Group. Entered the service from: Washington.
Buried at Row 37 Grave 12, Ardennes American Cemetery, Neupre, Belgium.
His awards are: The Air Medal with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters.

Hope this helps. Regards
Ken McPherson 8 th AFHS..



Captain Robert H. Lohof Crew
Mission Summary 

1.     8 Oct 43   Bremen
2.     9 Oct 43    Marienburg
3.   14 Oct 43   Schweinfurt
4.   20 Oct 43   Duren
5.     3 Nov 43   Wilhelmshaven
6.     5 Nov 43   Gelsenkirchen
7.     7 Nov 43   Duren
8.   13 Nov 43   Bremen
9.   16 Nov 43   Vermark, Ryukan Valley, Norway
10. 19 Nov 43   Zutphen, Netherlands
11.  26 Nov 43   Paris, France
12.  29 Nov 43  Bremen
13.   5 Dec 43   Bordeaux, France
14.  11 Dec 43   Emden 
15.  13 Dec 43   Kiel
16.  16 Dec 43   Bremen
17.  24 Dec 43   St Joseph au Bois, Pas de Calais coast, France
18.  11 Jan 43   Osnabruk
19.  21 Jan 43   Pas de Calais, France
20.    5 Feb 43   Romily sur Seine, France (actually bombed alternate target south of Paris)
21.    6 Feb 43   Romily sur Seine, France (actually bombed airfield near Evereaux)
22.  13 Feb 43   Pas de Calais, France 
23.  21 Feb 43   Brunswick/Braunschweig (dads Casualty Report lists instead 23 Feb, Althorn; he may have mistaken the date and Althorn may have been IVO Braunschweig.)
24.  3 Mar 44   Berlin (mission recalled; Lohof crew shot down)

RECOLLECTIONS OF SIDNEY GOLDENBERG (TTE ON LOHOF CREW)..."THE PILOT ANNOUNCED WE WERE TURNING BACK, SO I DISCONNECTED FROM MY OXYGEN AND WENT TO CHECK ON FUEL.  I HEARD GUNFIRE...PILOT CAME ON INTERCOM AND SAID 'WE'RE HIT, WE'RE GOING DOWN, BAIL OUT!  THERE WERE INJURIES.  I HAD TO PUSH THE BOMBARDIER OUT OF THE HATCH.  WE WERE IN CLOUDS, DIDN'T EVEN KNOW IF WE WERE OVER LAND OR WATER.  IT WAS SNOWING HEAVILY , DIFFICULT TO BREATH OR SEE.  COULD SEE LAND JUST BEFORE HITTING GROUND, WAS MET BY ANGRY CIVILIANS.  DURING INTEROGATION THER GERMANS TOLD ME THAT THE WHOLE CREW WAS CAPTURED, THAT THEY KNEW CAPT. PUTNAM WAS NOT MY REGULAR PILOT... I ACTED AS IF I DID NOT KNOW HIM"
*************************************************************************************************************


CREW

1st Lt William B. Murray                  P     KIA      6/3/44  Berlin
     Lt Richard M. Lambiotte           CP    POW    6/3/44  Berlin
2nd Lt Orrin H. Heinrich              NAV    POW    6/3/44  Berlin 
2nd Lt William G. Carr                 BOM    POW    6/3/44  Berlin
  T/Sgt Emory L. Brandt             TTE    POW     6/3/44  Berlin
  S/Sgt Fred C. Schillinger            ROG   KIA       6/3/44  Berlin
  S/Sgt Jim Peace                      BTG    POW     6/3/44  Berlin
  S/Sgt Palmer J. Hanson            RWG    POW    6/3/44  Berlin
  S/Sgt Mahlon A. Hall                   TG    KIA      6/3/44  Berlin
    Sgt Nick E. Hamalak               LWG    POW    6/3/44  Berlin

349th Sqdn. Assigned 100th BG on Dec 1, 1943.   MACR #3017, Microfiche #1020, A/C #42-30799.

Lt. Lambiotte was the regular CP on the crew of F.H. Mason.  The crew on its 15th or 16th
mission.

"Murray's head blown off by 20mm and his body destroyed by fire and explosion after plane
crashed."  Sgt. Hall was in the radio room having his head dressed by Sgt Schillinger and
either fainted or remained to long in the plane and was killed in the crash.  When this
crew joined the 100th group on 1/12/43, 2nd Lt Fred (?) Craft, Jr. was the CP.  No further
record of him has been found.  On 3/3/44 one R.L. Phillips flew on this crew as CP.  
He CPT.

A letter of 9/10/86 from Palmer J.Hanson reads that he recalls that"Fred Craft left our
crew when both his ear drums were damaged."  . . . . . "R.L.Phillips flew with us on Mar.
4,1943. He was a regular on Lt Lohof's Crew. On Mar.6th Lt.Lambiotte joined the crew,  
He was a regular on the F.H.Mason crew.  This was our 15th & last mission."

The only crew member that Hanson had located was Emory L.Brandt "who lives ln Missouri".

Subj: thanks and reply
Date: 6/13/2001 1:36:49 PM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: rmlhanson@yahoo.com (Murray Hanson)
To: mpfaley@aol.com (100th Bomb Group)  
Wednesday, June 13, 2001

Dear Michael, thank you so much for the prompt reply!I was excited to see your email message.I will be visiting with my mother in Albert Lea, Minnin late July, and she and I will look through papersand see what else we can send you. She and my sister,Vicki Wintheiser are visiting in Savannah, Georgiathis week, one of the reasons was to visit MightyEighth Museum.I do know my Dad corresponded with Orrin Heinrich inWisconsin before his death. I remember when I wasabout 12, we vacationed and stayed with Emory Brandtin Missouri. My mother still corresponds. I rememberMy Dad telling me info about Fred Craft and his eardrums. I thought the plane was something like Murray's Maid …? But on last mission for some reasonthey had to use Big Ass Bird, and they didn't like the name … he was always sad about those lost …obviously about Lt Murray, as I was named for him. He was older than the rest of the crew … "the old man"of 27, I think they teased him .. "the great whitefather" … they rest of the crew obviously had great affection and respect for Murray. Dad referred to Freddy Schillinger who died … as his close buddy and found it so hard to have lost him … I know Dad has more long hand notes on this … on the POW experience, on Christmas as a POW, on some talks he gave to a church group late in life, and on private notes on Forced March.


---> SUBMITTER INFORMATION
SUBMITTER: Joseph D. Heinrich
EMAIL: heinrichjane@yahoo.com
PURPOSE: Report a death (TAPS)
INTEREST: I am the veteran's child

---> TAPS REPORT
VETERAN: Orrin Harold Heinrich
DATE OF DEATH: 02/16/2003
FAMILY CONTACT: Wife is still living, Charlotte Heinrich
N424 Sugar Bush Road
Antigo, WI  54409

---> MEMBERSHIP
OLD ADDRESS: 
NEW ADDRESS: 
TELEPHONE NUMBER:  

---> MESSAGE
Great website.  Orrin's name is misspelled as "Orin" and should be "Orrin".  There are crew photos which include his name.


On August 7, 1942 Orrin joined the United States 8th Air Force.  He was drafted in at Camp Dodge, Iowa and then reported to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.  Between August 1942 and November 1943 (15 months), he was in training at the following places:

Aberdeen Proving Grounds in Iowa – basic training. 
San Antonio Aviation Cadet Center – for classification. 
Ellington Field - for preflight training. 
Hondo, Texas for advanced navigation training. 
July 15, 1943:  commissions 2nd Lieutenant and Navigator.  Furlough until July 28. 
Moses Lake, Washington – for 1st phase training. 
Kearney, Nebraska – for 2nd and 3rd phase training. 
November 4, 1943 – arrived at Point of Embarkation (POE) at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, the staging area prior to being shipped overseas. 


On December 31, 1943 Orrin flew his first mission to Paris, France, with Lt. Gossage and crew, but the mission was aborted due to technical problems. Between January 4, 1944 and March 6, 1944, Orrin flew on missions with Lt. Gossage and Lt. William Murray, over locations in Germany (Kiel, Ludwigshaven, Osnabruck, Frankfurt, Brunswick, Rostok, Regensburg, and France (Hesdin, St. Omer, Romilly, Furgess). At various times during his service he received passes for going into London for some R&R (rest and relaxation).  He flew on several B-17’s, including:  “Ol Dad”, “Bertha the Blues”, “The Bigassbird II”.  He specifically mentions other crew members in his journal:  Lt. Gossage, Lohof, Vollmer, Phillips, and Lt. William Murray. 

On March 6, 1944, Orrin’s plane was shot down by German fighters in the vicinity of Haseluenne and Holdorf, in Vechta County, Germany (about 80 miles south of Bremerhaven on the north coast of Germany).  This was his 16th mission after flying 153 total hours.

An article in the Antigo Daily Journal, Antigo, Wisconsin (December 23, 1987), describes Orrin’s experience after his plane was shot down over Germany on March 6, 1944:

 Heinrich’s story began March 6, 1944, when his B-17 bomber with a ten member crew was shot down by German ME-109 fighters over the Diepholz swamp in Vechta County.  The 28 year old lieutenant and flight navigator was one of seven who survived [three did not].  He and another crewman parachuted to earth somewhere in the southern part of the county.  Heinrich says he remembers landing near a barn and farmhouse, located at a crossroads.  A fish pond was nearby.  The downed airmen, both wounded, were treated well by a tall pipe-smoking farmer and his 14-year old son who spoke English.  “They didn’t bother us at all.  They wanted us to walk the four or five miles to town.  I was wounded and my companion was wounded and I didn’t think we’d make it,” Heinrich says.  “I got him to hitch up the horse and wagon and take the two of us to town.” 

 They both saw a doctor who then dressed their wounds. 

 On March 10, 1944 he was registered as a POW at Dulag-Luft.  Dulag-Luft was a central German Air Force Interrogation Center near Frankfurt. His identification number (KGF) was 3377. Orrin spent 14 and 1/2 months as a prisoner of war at Stalag Luft I, as “a guest of Germany”, 

As a result of his service he received the following medals of Honor

Air Medal w/2 OLC
Prisoner of War 
Purple Heart 

websites:  http://dahlheimer-bebeau.com/Heinrich/Wisconsin-OrrinHeinrich.htm
Log:         http://dahlheimer-bebeau.com/Heinrich/Wisconsin-OrrinHeinrichJournal.htm

***********************************************************************************************************

ROBERT L PHILLIPS,82
BORN 4 DEC,1918
DIED 7 JUNE 2001
BURIED at WILLAMETTE NATIONAL CEMETERY IN PORTLAND,OREGON


S/Sgt Richard L. David
100th BG / 349th BS
 
b. Nov. 18, 1920 - d. Mar. 4 2013 
 
69 years and 1 day after being shot down in Germany over Berlin and being held prisoner for 11 months. 
 He was part of Capt. Robert Lohof's crew on A/C # 42-31970 when they where shot down on a mission to Berlin.
 You may find it interesting to know that I have a letter from my grandfather to my great-grandmother dated November 3, 1943 detailing that he was on the original crew of "Ol' DAD" A/C # 42-3534.  In the letter, my grandfather states that their "Ship" was a B-17G and that the nicknames of the crew were painted in their positions. My grandfather was the RWG. His nickname was "Dick".  He names the pilot as "Crash".  The copilot as "Jockey". Tailgunner "Gramps". Navigator "Foparty". Bombardier, Andy J. "Melonhead". And LWG as "Hoboken.
 
In his letter, he also describes the nose art as a "raunchy character holding a mug of beer".
 
I have searched and searched for information about the original crew of "Ol' DAD" and her artwork, but have yet to come up with anything except the crash and her crew at the time, which my grandfather was not on.  
 At the time of the crash of "Ol' DAD" (April 1944) my grandfather had already been in a "Luftwaffe hospital near the North Sea" sent to several other p.o.w. camps until ending up in Stalag IVD. (Anneburg near Leipzig). I have a separate letter written by my grandfather detailing the accounts of what happened after his crash in A/C # 42-31970 also.
 
Here is a link to his obituary:
http://www.sanduskyregister.com/obituary/3418306 
 
I thank you for your time.  I know that there are fewer and fewer of these heroes with us everyday and how important it is that they are remembered.
 
God Bless,
Simon Smith
simple0315@aol.com

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: DATE:  
AIRCRAFT: CAUSE:  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  
ID: 4118