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Comments1: BRONX, NY




    CPL JAMES H. SMITH            WG CPT 20 JAN 45 HEIBRON

349th Sqdn.  Crew, as above joined the 100th on 22 Aug 1944. On 16 Oct 1944 all of the above except Julis Krepismann were transferred to the 351st  Sqdn. Ray Decker was reclassified from MOS 1035 to 1038.

This crew flew A/C 215 "Glory Bound"


This crew flew A/C 215 "Glory Bound"
Date Crew Nbr Mission Nbr Last Name Initial Rank Position Aircraft Nbr Target
9/13/1944 06 196 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 MCBATH R.F. CPL TG 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 SMITH J.H. CPL RWG 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 ZIEMBA R.T. CPL BTG 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 GEROGE R. CPL TTE 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 AMES R.N. LT CP 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 CHARLES W.A LT P 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/13/1944 06 196 KELLY L.J. CPL ROG 38073 SINDELFINGEN
9/18/1944 06 197 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 CHARLES W.A LT P 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 AMES R.N. LT CP 107230 WARSAW
9/18/1944 06 197 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 107230 WARSAW
9/19/1944 06 198 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 MCCLENDON W.H. SGT XCM 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 AMES R.N. LT CP 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 CHARLES W.A LT P 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/19/1944 06 198 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 107230 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/26/1944 06 200 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 CHARLES W.A LT P 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 AMES R.N. LT CP 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 38211 BREMEN
9/26/1944 06 200 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 38211 BREMEN
9/27/1944 06 201 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 AMES R.N. LT CP 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 CHARLES W.A LT P 38215 MAINZ
9/27/1944 06 201 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 38215 MAINZ
9/28/1944 06 202 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 AMES R.N. LT CP 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 CHARLES W.A LT P 38397 MERSEBURG
9/28/1944 06 202 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 38397 MERSEBURG
9/30/1944 06 203 CHARLES W.A LT P 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 AMES R.N. LT CP 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 KREPISMANN J.H. LT NAV 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 DECKER R.A. F/O BOM 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 KELLY L.J. SGT ROG 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 GEROGE R. SGT TTE 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 ZIEMBA R.T. SGT BTG 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 SMITH J.H. SGT RWG 38215 BIELEFELD
9/30/1944 06 203 MCBATH R.F. SGT TG 38215 BIELEFELD

“Glory Bound”

World War II Diary


James H. Smith, Jr.

100th Bomb Group
Eighth Air Force
351st Squadron
This is the War-Time Diary of
James Harris Smith, Jr
 During World War II, or – “33 Times Over the Reich”
Missions – E.T.O.

If found, please return to:  S/Sgt. James H. Smith
100th Bomb Gp.
351st Sqdn.
A.P.O. 559
U.S. Army
Contained herewith is a little data that I’d like to keep.  Thanks!

Sept 13
Ship – “That’s All, Brother”
Alt. Bomb. – 26,000 ft
Take-Off – 0640
Land – 1130
On O2 – 4 hrs.
Temp. - 30? below
Bomb. Load – 5,000 lb. (incend.)
Well, today I made my first one and got my first taste of combat.  We hit a plant at Sindelfingen, about 10 miles from Stuttgart.  We smeared it with 2000,000 incendiaries and Mac says it was really burning when we cleared out.
We were sweating out the fighters since they had hit the two missions before us.  But they didn’t show up and since the flak batteries were centered around Stuttgart, it was inaccurate.  The group  by us, though, really caught some.  Think the whole 3rd Division lost only a very few ships.
Someone left an emergency O2 valve on in our radio room so we ran short and had to leave the formation over Belgium and rejoin them when they descended.  A couple of P-47’s came down with us.  The escort was swell.
It was a milk run, all in all, I guess.  They broke us in pretty decently.  The Jerries tried some new rocket shells that burst around 20,000 and go up like sky rocket.  They look pretty rugged but don’t think they’re much good.

Ship – “Yehudi”
Alt. Bomb. – 18,000 ft
Take-Off – 0620
Land – 1800 (12 hours)
On O2 – 4 hrs.(intermittently)
Temp. - 15? below centigrade
Bomb. Load – Supplies
Today, we began another one of these 8th A.F. “triangular shuttle missions”.  Our mission was to drop supplies to the Poles who are trying to take Warsaw.  We went over the target at about 15,000 and believe me the flak was terrific.  Some came close enough to hear which is a little too close for comfort.  We landed with seven holes in our ship.  One piece missed Decker only a few inches in the plexiglass nose.  We landed in Russia, at Mirgorad, after about 12 hours in the air.
The 100th, 390th, and 95th lost about 4 ships.  Everyone says it’s a miracle.  Russia is really strange.  Quite an experience.  Some fighters hit the 390th.  Got 4 ships, I think.

Sept 19
Ship – “Yehudi”
Alt. Bomb. – 22,000 ft
Take-Off – 1020
Land – 1700
On O2 – 2-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 25? below centigrade
Bomb. Load – 5,000 lb. Demo.
Got through on the second leg of our shuttle mission today and bombed a plant at Szolnok, Hungary, about 50 miles from Budapest.  Really tore it up with demos.  The flak was scattered and inaccurate.  I think a couple of ships went down but none in our group.  Pretty easy one, I guess, but again we sweated out the fighters.  One the other two shuttle runs that the 8th has made, the “Abbeville Kids” have come up and they never go through a formation without getting a ship with their “yellow nosed” FWs.  We landed at a 15th A.F. based in Fodjia, Italy.  (Foggia)

Sept. 27
Ship – 215 (unnamed)
Alt. Bomb. – 24,000 ft
Take-Off – 0620
Land – 1235
On O2 – 3-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 40? below 0? Faren.
Bomb. Load – 6,000 lb. Demo.
Today, we hit the marshalling yards at Mainz.  We were supposed to be “Tail – End Charely” but we sneaked into No. 5 position en route to the target.  Meeker got his bombs off o.k. this time right with the lead ship.  We bombed P. F. F.  Through 10/10 overcast and weren’t able to see if we hit it, but I guess we did, for the whole 3rd division bombed it.  The flak was scattered and moderate but there were quite a few rockets.  Some burst in the group next to us but I didn’t see any ships go down.  It was really cold today.

Sept. 26
Ship – 215 (unnamed)
Alt. Bomb. – 26,000 ft
Take-Off – 1205
Land – 1840
On O2 – 3-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 35? below 0? F
Bomb. Load – 6,000 lb. G.P.’s.
We hit a Bremen tank plant today.  We really did hit this one because I got the location well in mind and saw for myself.  The flak was pretty thick over the target area.  We were over enemy territory only about an hour and were supposed to get flak the entire time.  However, we were well routed or well lead and missed the main batteries.  I saw some more groups getting it.  It was really cold again today.  I don’t know about the losses but our group didn’t have much trouble.  We got a piece of flak right in the windshield in Dick and Charley’s faces.  Guess they were plenty scared.

Sept. 28
Air Medal
Ship – #397
Alt. Bomb. – 25,000 ft
Take-Off – 0720
Land – 1540
On O2 – 5-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 40? below F.
Bomb. Load – 6,000 lb. G.P.’s
This was my 6th one and makes three straight – and today, we went to Merzbourg(Merseburg).  That’s the worse target in Deutshland, next to Berlin.  They really did throw up  all the ack-ack, that 240 guns could produce and after that the fighters – our ship didn’t get an individual fighter attack but our lead ship got some 20MM holes so they were around.  Decker saw a couple of 109’s but they didn’t come in.  We were the only ship in the group that didn’t get severe battle damage, only a few holes.  Bombed PFF again through 10/10 cloud.  Someone said we missed the target.  PFF bombing is tough.  The flak was the worst yet.  A lot of airplanes went down today.  I heard six straight flak bursts right underneath us and when you can hear ‘em, brother, they’re right on you.

Sept. 30
Ship – 215 “Glory Bound”
Alt. Bomb. – 26,000 ft
Take-Off – 0900
Land – 1528
On O2 – 3-hrs
Temp. - 38? below  F
Bomb. Load – 6,000 lb. G.P.’s.
They gave us a day off due to the weather and dragged us out this A.M.  This was the day of the big 200th mission blowout and we didn’t particularly care about flying.  But it was a good mission.  Didn’t have any flak over the target and no fighters on our group, but when we came across the coast of Holland we started letting down too soon and some battery was tracking us.  They got about 10 bursts up and they were right in there.  No ships were lost but they got a big hole in our stabilizer and a couple more small ones.  Some guy had his “head up and locked” or it wouldn’t have happened.  Target:  Bielefeld.

Oct. 2
Ship – #313
Alt. Bomb. – 27,000 ft
Take-Off – 0735
Land – 1530
On O2 – 6 hrs
Temp. - 39? below 0? F
Bomb. Load – 6,000 lb. G.P.’s.
This was the day after our two-day celebration, and there were a lot of “hang-overs” over “der Fatherland” today.  We were On O2 about 6 hrs. which really gets tiresome. We hit the marshalling yards in the center of Kassel and boy, if any of the bombs were off the target the whole town probably went up.  The flak was there, from the I.P. to the target and worse onto the Rally point.  We got a few holes – one right about 18 inches in front of Dick’s feet and about 4 in. big.  Some of the ships bombed the enemy lines when we came over.  Charley saw one Fort blow up after diving straight down.  Blew up before going into the clouds.

Oct. 5
Ship – #535
Alt. Bomb. – 27,000 ft
Take-Off – 0820
Land – 1330
On O2 – 2-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 44? below 0? F
Bomb. Load – 5,000 lb. Incend.
The one today was all the way through a messed up deal.  We were supposed to bomb an airfield at Munster.  It was as clear as a bell and the only time since I’ve been there that we could have done a good visual job.  But the lead navigator got off the beam and there we were circling around by ourselves, just our one group.  We couldn’t even find a target or opportunity.  If the German fighters had been on the ball we would have been cold turkey and to top that, the Limeys shot at us when we hit the coast before our E.T.A.

Oct. 6
Ship –“Glory Bound” (215)
Alt. Bomb. – 25,000 ft
Take-Off – 0745
Land – 1505
On O2 – 4-1/2 hrs
Temp. - 30? below 0? F
Bomb. Load – 5,000 lb. demo.
Well today we hit the “Big B,” Berlin Boy, it was pretty rough.  The flak was so thick over the target until the sky was black.  The bomb run was 17 minutes long and we got flak the entire time.  I got four holes in the waist – 3 about 1-1/2” in. diameter.  I looked out my window and saw a half wing come pancaking by.  We got 13 holes in our ship.  Ha to feather no. 4 and come in by ourselves all the way from the target – Die we sweat!  This was our roughest one so far.  The fighters came up but didn’t hit our wing.

Oct. 7
Ship – “Glory Bound” (215)
Alt. Bomb. – 25, 500 ft
Take-Off – 0705
Land – 1515
On O2 – 6-3/4 hrs
Temp. - 37? below 0? F
Bomb. Load – 5,000 lb. G.P.’s.
Another rough one today.  Hit Rotia near Liepzig.  We caught flak from there, Liepsiz, Merzbourg, Madgeburg, and all around.  The flak was as much and more accurate than that of Berlin but didn’t last quite as long.  Dick caught flak in the left foot and right leg.  No morphine on the ship and the guy suffered all the way back.  Has he got guts!  Didn’t want to leave his seat.  Guess he’ll be laid up for awhile.  Also lost our navigator, Kreps, who’s going on a lead crew.  Mac had a close one today.  Leaned over to take a picture and a piece came through where his head had been.  The Good Lord was surely with him.

Lt Krepismann goes to Lead Crew, flying some missions with the Ricker Crew


Lt Joseph P.Ricker                 P  CPT    27/12/44  FULDA, MY
Lt George W.Tussing           CP  CPT    27/12/44  FULDA, MY
Lt John H.Peters               NAV  POW  29/12/44  FRANKFURT, MY 
Lt Albert J.Tong               BOM  CPT    27/12/44  FULDA, MY   Became Group Bombardier after completion of Missions
S/Sgt Robert A.Dell             ROG  CPT    28/12/44  KOBLENZ,LUXEMBOURG, LUNEBACH
S/Sgt John R.Kipila             TTE  CPT    27/12/44  FULDA, MY
S/Sgt William "Red" Crozier   BTG   CPT    27/12/44 FULDA, MY
S/Sgt Charles E.Winters        WG   CPT    18/12/44  MIANZ, MY
S/Sgt Raymond J."Monk" Mainka WG   CPT    27/12/44 FULDA, MY Became TG when Crew reduced to nine men
S/Sgt Robert M.Stahl                TG  XFR  Transferred to 15th AF when Crew reduced to nine men.

349th Sqdn. Crew,as above,joined the 100th Group on 4/7/44.
See S.O.C. p33 A/C named "Flak Foot Floogie" and  "Billy Boy" and "Hundredth Proof"

:KREPISMANN, JULIUS 2ND LT(replacement for J. Peters when he become POW on Dec 29, 1944)

Subj: Re: Flak Foot Floogie  
Date: 8/6/2002 9:51:08 PM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: Gwaj2sing (George Tussing)
To: MPFaley 
In a message dated 8/4/02 11:37:55 PM Mountain Daylight Time, MPFaley writes:

Hi George,
We have never heard that name before for a 100th BG aircraft.  Can you verify that this was in fact the name of a 100th Bomb Group Aircraft?

Michael, I am passing on to you a message I sent to William "Red" Crozier, our ball turret gunner.  I sent it the same day I queried you.  

Red, I'm a little stove up in the back right now, so I spent a little time reviewing your WW II diary as revealed to us some time ago and discovered something that certainly escaped my notice earlier. You say that our first mission was in Flak Foot Floogie, a name I certainly remember, But was FFF the plane that was assigned to us and later was adorned with the Billy Boy name? I have not succeeded in finding anything on the web re FFF. If any of you guys have info on the tail number of FFF, that would help answer the question. Love to all out there. Tuss

He responded as follows:

Now to your question about Flak Foot Floogie, I will pass on to you the following from my inscrutable memory of World War II. According to my diary we did fly Flak Foot Floogie on the aborted first mission we started to fly. Also according to my diary on the real #1 mission to Kiel we flew in "Sparky". FFF's number was 31347, and I am sure you will recognize this is also the number of our beloved Billy Boy. Furthermore we flew in #31347 on missions number 3,4,5,7,8,9 and 12.   Somewhere along the way FFF was rechristened Billy Boy, and after mission 12 we started flying several other planes including "100 Proof". I don't' know the number of 100 Proof. Also I don't know why we didn't fly in Billy Boy on missions not listed above.. 

Keep in mind that Red did not write this as part of his memoirs years later but he wrote within a day or two in his personal diary.  I don't have Jan's address handy right now so would you pass this on to her with my thanks for her investigation into the matter.  Since you have no record of Flak Foot Floogie it is only natural to guess that I might have made a typographical error in the first word.  Likewise, I thank you for your response.  I have been enlightened by Red as I hope you have.  Incidentally, Billy Boy flew over 100 combat missions so it stands to reason that it may have had two, three or four names in its career.

George Tussing, 
co-pilot to Joe Ricker

Subj: Re: Flak Foot Floogie  
Date: 8/9/2002 12:22:14 PM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: Gwaj2sing 
To: MPFaley 
File: Diarymnk.wps (49152 bytes) DL Time (31200 bps): < 1 minute 
Gee, Mike, I didn't realize we were sitting on a great source of info.  Since it is not my diary but Red's, I really want his permission to forward it to you.  It took quite a bit of persuading to get Red to edit the "too personal" material so that we could read the remainder.  With his diary and the one written by Raymond Mainka who was our waist gunner then moved to the tail we have much to help our failing memories.  I will attach Mainka's diary and then forward Red's (William Crozier) as soon as a have a green light.  Incidentally, the way Mainka's diary came into possession by others on the crew is as follows: Mainka, being the oldest on the crew, never came to any of our reunions, major or minor, so one day several members visited him at his home in south central Texas and, after seeing his diary, someone sneaked it out and after making copies, returned the original to him. Raymond died a few years ago so I didn't see that I could treat his diary with the same privacy as Red's. Both diaries are very precious to me…..George Tussing, co-pilot  

Flak Foot Floogie is a play on the song title Flat Foot Floogie which makes no sense at all to me.  It was a novelty type song popular during WW II.  "Flat foot" suggests that it may have had something to do with policemen who have earned that name due to wearing out their feet walking their beats or it may have had some reference to a new dance step just as "Doing the Lambeth Walk" referred to a new dance step.  
Our full crew was pictured on page 16 of the Fall 1999 issue of Splasher Six with the caption something like "Does anyone know who these people are?"  Both Joe Ricker and I and probably others responded with identification of each man.  Robert Stahl, the original tail gunner, left the crew when we were reduced to nine men and transferred to the 15th Air Force in Italy.
Al Tong completed his 30 missions with the crew and became group bombardier after that.  He received the DFC for his excellent bombing on our 29th mission after having been struck three times while flying through intense flak over The Bulge.  Mainka also stayed over for extended duty as his diary shows and I remained to serve as assistant squadron ops officer under Capt. Fred Craft and Lt Col Sammy Barr.  I opted to return home when I saw the end of the war rapidly approaching.  The rest of the crew returned to the USA at the completion of our missions.  Incidentally, after two breaks in service I served twenty years, three of which were at Sculthorpe (near Fakenham) flying B-45's.  Later I flew B-47's for almost six years……..George Tussing.

SGT, S/SGT & T/SGT 38461208

JUNE 15-44
We put on the troop transport USS Billy Mitchell at noon.  It is plenty crowded.  We are one floor below deck.  (N.Y.P. of E.)  I will try to keep a little diary but don't know if I will do it.
We left port during the night as we were pretty far at sea when I got up this morning.  We sail in a convoy.  I saw several ships.  They ran us down from the main deck.  I was to Catholic mass at 3:30 this afternoon.
Still at sea.  Just get two meals a day except those on duty.  The Air Corps boys are still okay but some of the others are getting sick.
MONDAY JUNE 19, 1944
It's a pretty rough sea today.  I was to hear mass yes- terday morning and afternoon.  In the afternoon the mass was held on the open deck.  We are the only Air Corps boys aboard so the infantry have it in for us.
Still on the boat.  I wrote several letters the past few days.  Am still well and most of the other boys are doing all right.  We did get some candy from ship's PX but that is gone now so have to do without it.  In our group most all are NCO's so we don't catch KP or detail so easy.
Yesterday about 1500 they anchored the ship within sight of land.  There are several other ships scattered out.  I was to mass at 9 o'clock this morning on the starboard side on the main deck.
The ship I was on docked today at Liverpool so it was 7 in the evening before we debarked and got on a train.  The cars are short and to each two seats the door opens to the outside.  The locomotives are small to compare with those in the states.
About 11:30 we got to our destination about half way between Liverpool and London.  This place was a girls' school of some kind before the American Air Corps took it over.  It's just a replacement center.
Am still at Nelson Hall.  (Stone)  Last night I had a pass so I went to a pub and tried some cider.  That stuff will knock a mule out.  I mean it's rough.  I was to mass this evening.  Packed up my stuff again as we are to leave again to another place.
Had a train ride to a place by the name of Diss.  It's about two and a half hours to London.
Our crew is assigned to 349th Sqdn, 100th Bomb Gp.  The planes are continually roaring overhead.
Just had a few lectures by different officers.
It seems funny to sit by a stove in the middle part of July.  The sky is most of the time cloudy and often raining.  Had some false identification pictures made in civilian clothes.
Went up for a practice mission.  When we were coming in for a landing we hit the prop wash of the planes that landed ahead and so we were too close to a crash landing.
Am not doing much today.
Had two practice missions today.  Came down from the second about 10:30 in the evening.
Got up at 2:15 to get ready for a mission in France [Auxerre] but had to come back with number three engine bad.  Were half way across the channel  
Went on a mission to Kiel, Germany, a big naval base. Had ten 500 pound bombs. We ran the target at 27,000 feet. There was plenty flak but was few thousand feet below us.
Were on a raid to Schweinfurt. Had ten 1,000 pound bombs. The flak was so heavy that we couldn't get in the target. So dropped the bombs on the second target.
Went to London on a two day pass.
It's Sunday so was to mass. It was a high mass at eleven.
Went on a mission to France [Saint Lo] to bomb the German lines but the overcast was so heavy so had to bring the bombs back. The load was 38 one hundred pound bombs.
Today the crew went up [Saint Lo] but all the left waist gunners stayed down so it is my turn to stay. They made a mission this morning and went on another in the afternoon.
Were all ready to go on a mission with two 2,000 pound bombs. I was to fly tail. The mission was called off for some reason I don't know.
Got up at 12:30, breakfast at one and briefing at two. Takeoff at about 4:30. Had ten 500 pound bombs. Hit Merseberg. The flak was pretty heavy. Capt. Mason was leading our squadron - went down before we hit the target.
Supposed to go on the same target. But didn't take off the first plane. We had something wrong with the engines. The second we had it too late for the formation. So we took the guns out of both ships.
Had two practice missions. Landed at 10 o'clock so we were plenty tired.
Had to get up at 10 o'clock in the morning. Went to bomb a bridge at La Fere, France with six 1,000 pound bombs. It was a bad time coming into the base. Had to come down to 300 feet altitude to getthrough the overcast.
Went on another mission to bomb a rail yard in Troyes, France with twenty 250 pound bombs. It was the second target. Didn't see any enemy fighters and not much flak. Had a good escort of P-51s.
Bombed Hamburg, Germany at 26,000 feet with twenty 250 pound bombs. Our ship was hit in four places. One piece of flak stopped in my A-3 bag where I kept some of the cold. [candy?]
Bombed Magdeburg, Germany with five 1,000 pound bombs. Our plane has been hit in a good many places. One plane right off our tail blew up to bits and another went down in flames. The shells burst all around us so much it was awful. But honestly I was scared. I mean no one could pray any more then I did. But we all came back okay. Some of our engines were going bad but made it after all.
Bombed Berlin with ten 500 pound bombs. The flak was pretty heavy but not very accurate. Our ship wasn't hit and we didn't lose any planes from our squadron. I went to the 7:30 mass.
Had to go up on a bombing to practice.
Bombed the German lines in France [Saint Silvain] at 11,000 feet altitude with twelve 500 and two 1,000 pound bombs. We had eleven minutes flak and I mean pretty rough. We had the ship shot up in the nose, the windshield on one side [copilot's] was shattered. Some holes in the waist and also in the tail. One gas tank was hit but it sealed up. Chuck went into shock over the target. Lost one ship and another had to land in France but they came back the next day. [Strange: Eleventh mission at eleven thousand feet with flak for eleven minutes.]
Had two practice missions today so we were up again all day in the air. We never eat more than two meals a day lately. 
Had a stand down for a change so I did a little letter writing. Received several letters from home today.
Came back from a 48 hour pass. I spent it in London.
Bombed Ludwigshafen, Germany with twenty 250 pound bombs. The flak was real heavy but there were several formations of planes so it was kind of broken up. We got two holes in our ship.
Bombed Venlo, Holland, an airfield there with thirty-eight 100 pound bombs. Didn't have any flak on the target. The RAF was out too and I mean they are all over the sky. The 100th Bomb Group put up a whole wing just as yesterday.
Just had practice missions the last several days.
The weather kept us down. I received my Air Medal. The colonel pinned the medals on and shook every one's hands.
The weather is still bad so we had some pictures taken to be put in the home town paper. A P-47 crashed close to the end of the runway. It should [?] have collided with a B-24 but don't know much what really happened. [As I recall the scuttlebutt the P-47 pilot dove under the B-24 then pulled up in front too soon. The B-24 took off the tail of the P-47.]
Bombed an oil refinery at Roulin [Ruhland], Germany. Had ten 500 pound bombs. It was visual bombing. There was quite a bit of flak. We got one small hole in the stabilizer. It was more than an 8 hour mission. Bombing altitude 24,000 feet.
Bombed another oil plant near Stitten [Politz], Germany. Had ten 500 pound bombs at 26,000 feet. The flak was very heavy. There weren't any too close until we dropped the bombs. The target was hit good. An oil smoke was coming out after I looked back after the rally point. It was a 9 hour mission. But about three and a half hours on oxygen only.
Went on a mission to the Brest Peninsula, France to bomb flak guns at 20,000 feet with thirty-eight 100 pound bombs. We went right over the target but the clouds were too thick so couldn't drop the bombs. No flak for the first time we went across the channel.
Got a pass so went to see some of the boys in 385th Bomb Group near Stowmarket.
Got back from pass so cleaned up and went to write a few letters.
Bombed Brest Peninsula [Crozon], France with ten 500 pound bombs. Went over the target at about 11,000 feet then made another run at 8,000 feet. It should be 20,000 German troops there. Take off was before 6 o'clock. It was raining when we got up and is again raining in the evening. It has been quite a deal of bad weather lately.
Bombed Stuttgart, Germany with five 1,000 pound bombs, a truck factory, at 23,400 feet. The flak was pretty accurate but didn't lose any ships. We had five holes in the ship. The mission was 10 hours and five minutes long. 
Went on a mission to bomb Dusseldorf, Germany with ten 500 pound bombs but something happened to the lead ship as we started from the IP to the target. Before we started on the bomb run we were hit by flak. The flak was pretty heavy and besides we never got to the target. The target was to have 130 guns. We brought the bombs back. Got one hole in the ship. They call the Ruhr Valley Happy Valley but it's full of flak.
We came back from a seven day furlough instead of flak leave from the 11th to the 17th. I first went to see some of the boys in another outfit then spent the rest of the time in London. Yesterday we had a practice mission but I didn't have to fly. Most of the other boys went to Russia on a shuttle mission. They dropped supplies in Warsaw on their way over. 
Bombed a tank assembly plant at Bremen with six 1,000 pound bombs at 27,000 feet. The bombing was visual and there was quite a good deal of flak. We were flying high squadron lead in high group. Landed at about seven o'clock. Had to leave the plane on the end of the runway as our hydraulic system was out and didn't have any brakes so couldn't taxi.
Got up before two o'clock this morning. Take off was little after six. Bombed Mainz, Germany with twelve 500 pound bombs at 25,000 thousand feet. We bombed PFF through very thick clouds. It was a railroad yard. There was a good deal of flak but not very accurate. We were flying lead in high squadron, low group. We ran into some flak at the rally point so had to use evasive action.
Today Lt. Col. Jeffrey, CO of the field was decorated with a Polish medal presented by a Polish general for dropping supplies to the Polish troops in Warsaw.
Today this field has a big celebration on occasion of the Century Bombers completing 200 missions.
Today we bombed locomotive repair shops and railroad yards in the center of Kassel, Germany with ten 500 pound bombs. The flak was heavy on the target but after we got off the target was heaviest. We got several holes in the plane but no serious damage. The bombing was PFF as there were pretty heavy clouds over the target. We led high squadron in low group.
Bombed Nurnberg [aka Nuremberg], Germany with ten 500 pound bombs at 26,500 feet. PFF bombing as the undercast was pretty [heavy]. It was a tank factory and rail yards in the center of the city. There was heavy flak on the target but we ran into flak before we hit the IP and several times again. We got two small flak holes.
Bombed an oil plant at Brux [Bohlen], Germany with ten 500 pound bombs. We bombed PFF as there was about four tenths cloud coverage. We were in the first wing to go into the target. The flak at the target was pretty bad but as we got to the rally point we were within range of Merseberg and Liepzig and got pretty rough flak. We got too many holes to count in the plane. The stabilizer was shot up pretty bad and one of the Tokyo tanks was shot through.
Bombed a railroad yard at Munster, Germany with fourteen 250 pound bombs and four 500 pound incendiary bombs at 25,000 feet. We lead the low group so the copilot was in the tail and I was in back in the waist. I threw out almost all the chaff. There wasn't much flak. It was a solid overcast so bombed PFF.
We started on a mission to bomb an airfield just beyond the lines but turned back in 'cause of bad weather just six minutes from the IP. We were called out for two missions in the last few days but didn't take off either time because both were scrubbed.
Were wakened at four this morning and briefed for a mission to Merseberg. The bomb load was twelve 500 pound bombs. But the weather got too bad and we turned back and bombed Osnabruck, Germany at 26,000 feet for the low group which we were leading. The flak was about medium. Didn't get any flak holes on the bomb run but got two right as we got over the coast. PFF bombing.
Bombed Merseberg, Germany synthetic oil plant with twenty 250 pound bombs. Bombed PFF but the flak was very heavy tracking us so we had to use evasive action. We got out with several holes but it was a miracle with all the awful flak. We again lead the low group.
Bombed Friedburg, Germany, a rail yard with twelve 500 pound bombs at 26,000 feet. There was some flak on the first bomb run on which we didn't drop our bombs. On the one we dropped there was no flak. The target is northeast of Frankfurt. We flew low squadron lead, a PFF ship.
Today was a holiday so I was to the 11 o'clock mass this morning. Otherwise I haven't been doing too much of anything.
Yesterday we started out on a mission to bomb Osnabruck but while we were still circling the buncher it was recalled. We and another crew were to start out on course twenty minutes ahead and go to six degrees, check the winds and turn back. We didn't carry any bombs. We were recalled and the weather closed in so bad that it was not possible to land. Had to go 225 miles west to land on a British base where some Wellingtons were stationed for sub patrol. Most of the boys were taken to an American hospital for the night but I was left to guard the plane. It was pretty cold but the radio man relieved me in the morning so I could go and get something to eat. We started back and got back to the base at about four o'clock. The country was kind of hilly, the first hills I saw in England.
Today we and two other PFF ships from other groups flew out between Nancy and Metz and 20 miles into enemy territory to check two beacons on the radar that is supposed to be set up in France. We didn't get credit for either yesterday or today. Had four P-51 escorts.
Bombed an airfield at Biblis, Germany with 38 one hundred pound bombs. There was no flak at the target except for a few bursts but when we were crossing the lines the flak was pretty bad.
Bombed a rail yard at Fulda, Germany with ten 500 pound bombs. We didn't run into any flak except in a good ways off. It was a good deal of ice on the wings so we really sweated out the take off. This was out last mission and am I glad like everyone else.
I could not believe that I was through flying for awhile at least. Today we got a pass so we went to London with Murray's crew. We had dinner at the Red Star Café. It was a real good meal and we celebrated quite a bit.
Today Kip, Dell and Red left for Chorley through London where they spend several days. I stayed behind as I asked to stay as a gunnery instructor. It was pretty bad to see the boys leaving after being together almost a year on the same crew. Winters left a few days ago.
Well today I reported to the Station Gunnery to do some work after almost four weeks of just taking life easy, eating and sleeping.
I get passes every two weeks or two a month which is not bad. I get up little after 7 o'clock every morning. It sure is plenty cold and was all winter.
It's snowing like the diggones. Some of the trees are getting pretty green but there is not much planted in the fields yet as there is only barley or sort of stuff planted now. My orders came through two days ago but have to stick around and get paid before I leave the base. I got two letters of commendation, one from the colonel of the base and one from Lt. Allen, Gunnery Officer.
Well I finally did leave the 100th Bomb Group base on the 1:20 train. Me and another guy they call Casey were the only two from the squadron.
I met three of the boys from Murray's crew today and we had a pretty good time. We went to a dance at the Hammersmith.
Well we got to Chorley at about 5:30 or 6:00 but had a while before they took us to the post by the name of Washington Hall.
Well today I have KP. They sure take care that we will not get lazy.MAY 8Today Winston Churchill announced VE day at 3 o'clock but some way the guys did not make much noise as all of them were in combat and did not care for it. In the evening they built a good sized bonfire and also held the execution of Hitler. A good many of the boys were plenty drunk as there was plenty of beer free - more than enough.

RICKER, JOSEPH P. 2ND LT       O-817750
TONG, ALBERT J. 2ND LT         O-708122
PETERS, JOHN R. 2ND LT         O-713220
KIPILA, JOHN R. SGT             36593707 
WINTERS, CHARLES E. SGT      18124781
DELL, ROBERT A. SGT            13175515
CROZIER, WILLIAM SGT          38532242
MAINKA, RAYMOND J. SGT        38461208
STAHL, ROBERT M. SGT          35559415

LATER:KREPISMANN, JULIUS 2ND LT(replacement for J. Peters)

(1)Jul 18 Kiel, Germany
(2)Jul 19 Schweinfurt, Germany 
(3)Jul 24 Normandy
(4)Jul 28 Merseberg, Germany
(5)Aug 2 La Fere, France
(6)Aug 3 Troyes, France
(7)Aug 4 Hamburg, Germany
(8)Aug 5 Magdeburg, Germany
(9)Aug 6 Berlin, Germany
(10)Aug 8 Front Ger. lines in France
(11)Aug 14 Ludwigshafen, Germany
(12)Aug 15 Venlo, Holland
(13)Aug 24 Roulan, Germany
(14)Aug 25 Stittin (Politz), Germany
(15)Aug 26 Brest Peninsula, France
(16)Sep 3 Brest, France
(17)Sep 5 Stuttgart, Germany
(18)Sep 9 Dusseldorf, Germany
(19)Sep 26 Bremen, Germany
(20)Sep 27 Mainz, Germany
(21)Oct 2 Kassel, Germany
(22)Oct 3 Nurnberg, Germany
(23)Oct 7 Bohlen, Germany
(24)Oct 22 Munster, Germany
(25)Nov 21 Osnabruck, Germany
(26)Nov 30 Merseberg, Germany
(27)Dec 4 Friedburg, Germany
(28)Dec 24 Biblis, Germany
(29)Dec 27 Fulda, Germany
[And the one Monk missed:Jul 25 Saint Lo, France]

That's it! I'm hoping for clearance soon from Red for his version.Tuss

Subj: Re: Red's Diary 
Date: 8/13/02 2:04:54 PM Mountain Daylight Time 
Sent from the Internet (Details) 

August 13, 2002

Greetings Loved Ones,   

I can't for the life of me understand why anyone would want that  wartime
poorly written literary musings of a 19 year old homesick boy, but after
much cogitation and after I once again read my copy on my computer, I
can't think of any reason for you to withhold it if Mike et al are
seriously asking for it.

Blessings on you and June.  Wish you could make a trip to W. Tex before
you get snowed in up there.


Diary of Sgt. William Crozier

From June 27, 1944 to December 28, 1944.  Flew 28 Missions as B-17 Flying Fortress ball-turret gunner over Germany, Holland, and France with the 349th Bomb Squadron, 100th Bomb Group, 8th Army Air Force, England.

October 22...  Our target today was Munster, Germany, railroad yards which feed the Ruhr Valley.  We bombed by PFF radar so our bombs could have landed anywhere in Germany.  The flak was very light which makes me suspect we probably missed the whole city.  We carried incendiaries and we really sweat them out.  Two of the incendiary clusters did not release from the bomb racks so we had to bring them back.  We were afraid they would drop in the bomb bay on the way home and set our airplane on fire.  I have 23 made now.

November 12...  We have sweat it out for three weeks and our number finally comes up for a mission.  But before we could take off it was scrubbed.  Target was marshaling yards somewhere.  Blue flag is up now but it could turn red by morning.  Wixom and his crew finished yesterday and are ready to go home.  They were one of the three other crews that checked into the 100th with us last July.  The other two have been shot down.  I hate to see them go, but glad they have a chance to go home.  Received no mail for an awful long time.

November 19...  Nothing much going on.  No missions, not even any practice missions.  This doing nothing is sure nice, but on the other hand we would like to get our missions over with.  Talked to a guy from Kilgore, Texas who knew Lewis Gilbert.  Said he was shot down somewhere in Germany.  Wixom and Baldy got stuck on instructor jobs for one month at blister hangar.  Rest of crew goes home any day now.

November 21...  Yesterday, November 20, we started out to bomb an airfield some where in Central Germany but were recalled before we got to target.  We first though we would get credit for a sortie because we flew over enemy territory, but we learned today we do not.  Today's mission we were briefed for the mighty Merseburg.  Because we ran into a cloud bank in Germany, we were diverted to secondary target, the marshaling yards at Osnabruck, Germany.  We received some flak hits.  They told us in briefing Merseburg was #2 priority enemy target.  The whole German Air Force was expected out today but they did not hit us.

November 30...  I finally got to go to bloody Merseburg.  I missed the previous mission to Merseburg our crew made last July.  They told us to expect 600 to 800 German fighters and at least 385 flak guns.  We had 1200 American fighter escorts.  I saw no E/A.  I think there must have been many more than 385 flak guns over the target though.  The 8th Air Force lost 56 bombers and 30 fighters.  I saw one of our squadron spinning down in flames.  For the amount of flak we got surprisingly few flak holes, but our other planes were hit hard.  It appears we did not make a good strike on the target because of an effective smoke screen.  I don't want to go to Merseburg again.  This mission was an M.E. [maximum effort] and we flew leading the low group.  Tuss says our next mission and thereafter we will fly a PFF radar ship, also called a Mickey ship for whatever reason I don't know.  A PFF ship does not have a ball turret so I will fly as a waist gunner when we fly lead and have a command pilot with us and Tuss will fly tail gunner and formation officer.  I now have 25 missions.

December 4...  We flew our first mission on a PFF ship to NW Germany.  Did not bomb primary so we bombed railroad yards at Friedburg, Germany, near Frankfurt.  Chuck also went with us because we had no command pilot.  Rick made captain.

December 10...  Wixom and Baldy went home a few days ago.  Got 4 Christmas packages today.  Red flag is up so will probably fly tomorrow.

December 16 ...  Started out on a mission on December 13 but were recalled.  We and another ship were to fly to six degrees over Germany and report the weather back to our base.  We started out twenty minutes before the rest of the formation but at the Europe continent we ran into a high cloud bank and had to turn around and come back.  Before we and the bomber formation could get back to Thorpe Abbotts the ground became 100% socked in so we all started flying west to find a place to land.  We ended up in Wales at an RAF Coastal Patrol Airfield.  Nearby was an American G.I. Infantry hospital and all of us bunked in there.  We had a good time visiting with the infantry patients exchanging war stories.  One guy who forgot where he was from told me he would not have any part of our flying job.  He said if we got shot down we sure would have a long way to fall.  I told him I did not want his job; the infantry was too rough for me.  We also had some good chow.  We flew back to Thorpe Abbotts the next day.  Yesterday our ship and two other PFF's flew over the front lines checking beacons.  Don't know what kind of beacons.  There was a complete undercast and we ran into no E/A nor any flak.  We had two or three American fighter escorts with us, but we got gypped again because we got no credit for a mission.  Something was haywire with our radio compass and dell says we were lost over the French-German border.  Rick said today I will finish with the crew even though I will have only 28 missions.  Great news I will not have to fly two more with some other crew.

December 24...  (Christmas Eve)  We bombed an enemy airfield at Biblis, Germany near Frankfurt.  On this raid the 8th put up 2000 bombers over Germany.  Our trip was not so light.  We strayed over a heavy flak area before reaching the I.P.  We got through it but others were not so fortunate as we.  Tong had very close shaves twice.  On the bomb run, a piece of flak came through the nose and knocked his flak helmet off.  The shattered plexiglass cut his nose slightly.  When he was telling us about it over the inter-com another piece came through and hit his flak jacket in his middle and knocked him over backwards.  The flak knocked the breath out off him for a few minutes but he recovered and dropped our bombs on and smeared the target.

December 27...  Today is the big day.  We finished our tour with a raid on railroad yards on Fulda, Germany.  It made 28 for me and 30 for the rest of the crew.  We lost no bombers over Germany but while taking off I saw where two B-17's had cracked up on take off because of fog and severe icing conditions.  We had a problem of gaining altitude after take off but the ship finally responded and began to climb in time.  The flak was light and we had no E/A problems and it was a good mission to finish up on.

December 28...  We heard that Pete went down over Frankfurt today.  I hope he is safe as a POW.


Mike, Peters was our original navigator who was replaced by Julius Krepismann but we flew a few missions with Walt Klinikowski as navigator in the interim.







 "BROWNS CLOWNS" Standing from left: Erwin A. (Tony) Lentz, Gerald Brown, William Titley,Julius Krepisman. Kneeling from left: Wayne E. Page, G. D. Vieth, Walter R. (Pete) Peters, Clarence S. Kellogg and Arthur L. Jacobson. Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives) 

Col. Harold Q. Huglin, Commanding Officer of the 100th from 12 Jun 43 - 1 Jul 43, decorates Lt. Krepismann. (from the collection of Bill Carleton). 

 General H. J. Huglin, 13 Combat Wing, decorating Lt. Julius Krepismann. (100th Photo Archives) 

 Partial crew of "BILLY BOY": From left; Albert J. Tong, George W. Tussing (behind other three), Joseph P. Ricker - Pilot and Julius H. Krepismann - NAV. Detailed Information (100th Photo Archives) 

Newspaper clipping on Lt Ricker Crew. (Courtesy of Matt Mabe)



Crew 1

ID: 2919