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T/SGT  William P. HOOD

UNIT: 418th BOMB Sqdn POSITION: TTE

T/Sgt Hood was a TTE on 2ND LT STANLEY J. DOBROGOWSKI crew and then was ROG on D.A. Jones Lead Crew.  Photo courtesy of Thomas Forbes 

SERIAL #: STATUS: CPT
MACR:

Comments1: 4 MAR 45 ULM (WITH D.A. JONES CREW)

COMMENTS & NOTES

MEMO 1:

CREW

2ND LT STANLEY J. DOBROGOWSKI               P KIC 20 NOV 44 WEATHER FLIGHT
2ND LT MALCOM E. HAVARD                      CP KIC 20 NOV 44 WEATHER FLIGHT
2ND LT HENRY R. Van De VURST               NAV KIC 20 NOV 44 WEATHER FLIGHT
2ND LT BRUCE B. GRUESCHOW                  BOM CPT (BECAME LEAD BOMBARDIER AND FLEW MANY MISSIONS WITH D.A. JONES CREW)
S/SGT WILLIAM F. O'SHEA                       ROG CPT 26 FEB 45 BERLIN
S/SGT WILLIAM P. HOOD                         TTE CPT 04 MAR 45 ULM  (WITH D.A. JONES CREW, SEE BELOW)
SGT JAMES W. FRAIL                               BTG NOC
SGT VANCE R. Van DEUSEN                       WG NOC  (TAKEN OFF CREW TO REDUCE TO 9 MEN)
SGT EDWARD C. LEWEK                            WG KIC 20 NOV 44 WEATHER FLIGHT
SGT LORIS M. ESPESETH                            TG KIC 20 NOV 44 WEATHER FLIGHT

418TH SQDN.. CREW JOINED THE 100TH ON 14 JUL 1944.

INCOMPLETE LIST OF MISSIONS FOR LT DOBROGOWSKI CREW:

Date          Last Name        Initial Rank Position Aircraft Nbr Target
7/28/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37517 MERSEBURG
7/29/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37517 MERSEBURG
7/31/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37517 MUNICH (AERO ENGINES)
8/2/1944   DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37517 TERGNIER/LAFERE
8/3/1944   DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37517 TROYES (RAIL YARD)
8/14/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37808 LUDWIGHSAVEN (OIL)
8/15/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 37636 VENLO
8/24/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 RUHLAND (OIL)
8/25/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 POLITZ (OIL)
9/8/1944   DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 MAINZ
9/9/1944   DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 DUSSELDORF
9/10/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 NURNBURG
9/18/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 WARSAW
9/19/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 SZOLNOK (FROM RUSSIA)
9/28/1944 DOBROGOWSKI S.J. LT P 38095 MERSEBERG


THE MORNING OF 20 NOV 44 WAS HAZY WHEN THE WEATHER SHIP (A/C #43-380995) TOOK OFF AT 0557 HOURS.  APPROXIMATELY ONE MINUTE LATER AT 400 FEET ALTITUDE THE AIRCRAFT ENTERED A STEEP LEFT BANK, LOST ALTITUDE, HIT A TREE AND EXPLODED. THE CRASH RESULTED IN THE LOSS OF  SIX LIVES INCLUDING CAPT CHARLES W. MYLIUS, JR WHO WAS FLYING AS COMMAND PILOT. GRUESCHOW AND HOOD ENDED UP ON LT D.A. JONES CREW AND THE REST OF DOBROGOWSKI CREW ENDED UP IN SPARE REPLACEMENT POOLS. 

CREW

2nd Lt Donald A.Jones            P     CT   4/3/45    ULM            sn# 0-764687
2nd Lt Grant A.Fuller             CP     CT   4/3/45    ULM            sn# 0-715178
2nd Lt Arthur H.Juhlin         NAV     CT   4/3/45    ULM            sn# 0-723096
2nd Lt Ralph P.Farrell,Jr.      BOM    SWA 17/10/44 COLGNE      sn# 0-216851
  Cpl Donald Stewart,Jr.       ROG    SWA 17/10/44 COLOGNE    sn# 19129630
  Cpl Alfred F.Marcello          TTE      CT   4/3/45    ULM            sn# 17155233
  Cpl Curtis L.Hooker            BTG     CT    8/3/45   GIESSEN      sn# 38591214
  Cpl Sam L.Foushee             TG      CT    4/3/45    ULM            sn# 14107051
  Cpl Perry G.Kratsas             WG      NC                                  sn# 13187776
  Cpl Patrick J.Gillen,Jr.          WG      CT   31/3/45  BAD BERKA,sn# 32901583 
                                                           OIL STORAGE (100TH "A")  

418th Sqdn. Crew,as above,joined the 100th Group on 18/8/44.

It is probable that Kratsas was removed from the crew to get down to nine men and went to the replacement pool.On the 11th mission,both Farrell & Stewart suffered severe injuries which resulted in their being returned to the U.S. Bruce Grueschow,from the crew of S.J.Dobrogowski,and Thomas M. Barrett,from the crew of M.J.Anderson both served as bombardiers on the crew. Storm C.Rhode also flew about 20 missions with this crew as a Mickey Operator.  A Sgt William P. Hood from the crew of S.J. Dobrogowski was one of two ROG who filled in on this crew. He completed his tour with this crew on March 4, 1945-ULM.  
 
  
Subj: Re: Missions Flown  
Date: 10/2/2002 5:04:47 PM Pacific Daylight Time 
From: gafuller@webtv.net 
To: MPFaley@aol.com  
 
Mike:
    We had two radio operators who followed Don Stewart.  The first one
although I have a picture of him none of us can remembered his name.
The second one I believe was William P. Hood who came from the
Dobrogowski crew.  He finished his tour when we did at Ulm in Mar. 1945.
Dobrogowski I am sure you know was killed on takeoff for a weather
mission early one morning along with his co-pilot and navigator.  Bruce
Grueschow their bombardier flew several missions with us as lead
bombardier before Tom Barrett came on.
I look forward to seeing you in a couple of weeks.      Grant Fuller


EMAIL = pjmarcel@pressenter.com
UNAME = Paul J. Marcello
DIED = Bruce B. Grueschow
DEATH_DATE = 12 December 1992
UNIT = 418th
COMMENTS = Lt. Grueschow was a Wisconsin native who served as the Bombardier on the Dobrowgowski crew prior to the weather ship crash. He flew a few missions with the D.A. Jones crew afterwards, however I am not sure which ones. 

Stan was a good friend of mine while we were with the 100th.In my opinion he was an excellent pilot,who always had full command of his aircraft.Exactly what went wrong on his final flight was never determined to my knowledge ,but I am certain he made all of the right moves(during the emergency that developed) to keep his plane in the air..
My flight crew attended the services that were held in honor of his crew.
You can be proud of your uncles accomplishments during his service on behalf of the country he loved.He, like many other young men during the forties,put his life on the line so others could enjoy the freedom we have today.
Best Regards,
Lt Schaffhausen
Pilot of Miss Conduct,
418th Sqdn


Letter (1/7/84) from Art Juhlin contains much about this crew and says that Sam Foushee and Al Marcello "passed away several years ago."

This was a "Lead" crew for much of it' s  tour. the following is extracted from  Arthur Juhlin's diary:

     "17 Oct.1944 Mission #11 Cologne,Germany.  Due to a malfunction of the bomb racks in our ship only 16 of our 10o# bombs were released.This left eighteen 100# and two 500# incendiary clusters jammed in the bomb bay. The bambardier and radio operator went back into the bombbay to try and get rid of the mess,but it was a ticklish job as all the bombs were armed.they finally got most of the pins put back in the lOO# and removed them to the radio room,but were unable to get the incendiaries out;so we decided to wait and try to  salvo them upon reaching the channel. We left the formation and circled over the channel while the bombardier,radio operator and tailgunner tried to get the rest of the bombs,which were wedged up against the bomb bay doors away. It was at this time that one of the incendiary fuses went off with a terrible blast. Our bombardier got hit by several fragments and lost his left eye. The radio operator got several fragments in his leg severing an artery and a nerve. The tail gunner was blown back into the radio room and received minor facial injuries. Tne bottom of the ship looked like a sieve and there was one hole big enough for a man to crawl through.It was a miracle that the whole ship wasn't blown to bits. Unsble to open the bomb bay doors which had been sprung by the explosion, and not being able to bail out with the injured men on board,we started for the base with the live bombs swinging in the bomb bay.Our waist gunner then volunteered to go back in the bomb bay and try to wire some of the incinderaries together so they wouldn't be so apt to be jarred loose upon landing. This sure took a lot of guts after what had already happened. As we turned on the approach our pilot remarked that maybe we'd all get a big bang out of the landing,but Iam afraid the humour wasn't appreciated at that time. A safe landing was made and the injured removed to the hospital.

Time of flight was 7 hours. We flew ship #459 and led the high squadron of the lead group."

When Storm C.Rhode came to the 100th as a "Mickey" operator in Sept.1944 and flew about 20 missions with the D.A.Jones crew then some with the DePlanque crew.

List of Missions for Cpl Donald Stewart Jr & Lt. Ralph Farrell Jr. (mpf)

1.   9/9/44 Dusseldorf-Munitions plant  A/C 238175
2. 10/9/44 Nurnburg-Tank factory   A/C 238175
3. 11/9/44 Ruhland-Synthetic Oil Factory  A/C 2102649-Lady Geraldine
4. 12/9/44 Magdeburg-Synthetic Oil Factory A/C 2102649-Lady Geraldine
5. 18/9/44 Warsaw-Supply Drop Arms  A/C 297071-Andy's Dandy's
6. 19/9/44 Szolnok, Hungary-MY   A/C 297071-Andy's Dandy's
7 3/10/44 Nurnburg-Tank Factory  A/C 337636
8. 5/10/44 Munster (Recall)   A/C 337636
9. 7/10/44 Bohlen-Synthetic Oil   A/C 337636
10. 15/10/44 Cologne-MY    A/C 338459-Cargo for Margo
11. 17/10/44 Cologne-MY    A/C 338459 -Cargo for Margo  SWA


GRANT FULER IS THE LONG TIME 100TH ASSOCIATION MEMBERSHIP CHAIRMAN

Following is a 1994 Press Release. It is presented as written without editing or spelling corrections..pw

From Tas 18/1736A  Oct 44
To: Mahor E.J. Huber. Pro, 3rd Bomb Div., Public Relations

Confidential 100BG  O-343-D

An Eighth Air Force Bomber Station, England--- The B-17 flying Fortress "Cargo for Margo", a hole gouged through it by an incendiary bomb fuse which exploded inside and with fire bombs tangled like jackstraws on the doors of the  jammed-shut Bombay, settled down gingerly at it's base after a dangerous flight from Cologne during which the crew were in deadly peril from the incendiaries.  The fuse which exploded wounded three of the crew.
 Nervy action by the crew in tying fast most of the loose incendiaries jumbled together, after detonation of the fuse when the Bombay release mechanism failed to function properly, with 100 pound high explosive, but at the time not dangerous bombs saved the fortress and crew as well.
 Crediting his crew with outstanding courage, Second Lieutenant Donald A. Jones, 22 years old, of Goose Creek, Texas, piloted :Cargo for Margo" safely to it's 100th Bombardment Group runway.
 Almost instinctively, over Cologne, the crew knew something was foul in the Bombay.  the fortress did not suddenly lurch up as it should in losing bomb weight. Dropped clear were 14 bombs--but 20 other H.E. bombs and two large clusters of incendiaries fell in a snarled heap.
 While still over German held territory, the Bombardier and Radio Operator, respectively Second Lieutenant Ralph P. Harrell, 19, of Gastonia, N.C. and Sergeant Donald Stewart, Jr. of 4447 Marillja Avenue, Van Nuys, Calif., attempted to dislodge the tangled bombs but failed.
 "Close the Bays," ordered Lt Jones a few minutes later. "We're proably over our own territory and we can't take a chance on dropping these babies on our own boys."
 The Navigator, Second Lieutenant Arthur H. Julin, of 7641 South Hermitage, Chicago, Ill., notified the pilot that  Nazi fighters were in the vicinity "so we can't try any circus stunts in getting rid of the bombs."
 Although the slightest motion might have detonated the fuse on the cluster of incendiaries---500 pounds of them dropped loose from their moorings and jammed into the bottom of the Bombaythe fortress reached the channel and Lt. Farrell and Sgt Stewart decide to work them loose by opening the Bombay doors once again.
 Standing on the catwalk, Sgt Stewart carried six 100 pound  bombs back into the radio room after the Bombardier placed the safety-pins back in the fuses. Then the Bombardier tried to replace a safety wire into the fuse of the 500 pound incendiary cluster which was jammed against the side of the Bombay's curving door.
 The fuse on the cluster exploded. Fragments of the fuse splattered throughout the Bombay and slivers struck the bombardier in the face, causing a severe wound, and struck the radio operator in the legs and body. detonation of the fuse on the cluster released all the individual bombs within the cluster.
 The tail gunner, Sergeant Sam L. Foushee, 24, of Lillington, N.C., had just come up from his gun position and suffered a slight facial wound.
 The Bombay doors had warped from the explosion and the cylindrical shaped incendiaries were protruding through the cracks and became more a menace than ever. Although suffering painfully, both the bombardier and the radio operator struggled back, seeing the danger, to try to prevent the rest of the incendiaries from dooming the bomber. 
 While two gunners, Sgt Foushee and Sergeant Curtis L. Hooker, 19, of Copan, Okl., ball turret gunner, administered first aid to the three wounded, a third gunner--Sergeant Patrick J. Gillen, Jr. of 538 Union Avenue, New York city, left his waist gun position and began the dangerous job of securing the loosened incendiaries.  He soon was joined by Sgt Foushee.
 "They tackled the job in spite of the fact that just a minute before the bombardier had been badly hurt trying to do the same thing." Declared the pilot. "We all held our breath while Gillen and Foushee edged down through the maze of bombs and tied them fast with an arming wire--which minimized the danger and possibly saved the bomber and us, too. I knew I had to bring the plane down, because of the wounded men, and when I asked if anyone wanted to bale out, there wasn't a single reply on the inter phone." 
 The fortress had fallen behind its formation by now. "When we get over England, the air will get rough and you'll have to take it easy." said the bombardier. "You might not know what a hot potato you have here, but I do."
 While Lt Jones went back to inspect the damage, the Co-pilot, 21 year old Second Lieutenant Grant A. Fuller, of 601 East Fourth Street, Hereford, Texas, handled the controls, and the engineer, Staff Sergeant Alfred F. Marcello, 22, of 1248 Fremont Avenue, St. Paul, reported that trying to land with the individual incendiaries would proably bring disastrous results, each individual incendiary has a fuse which detonated on impact.
 Lt Jones eased "Cargo for Margo" down for a smooth landing, and the midics were on hand to give attention to the three wounded fliers. Ground crew men later safely removed the incendiaries103 of them-- from the plane.

MEMO 2:

KIA / MIA / EVA / INT INFORMATION:

TARGET: DATE:  
AIRCRAFT: CAUSE:  

BURIAL INFORMATION

PLOT: ROW:  
GRAVE: CEMETERY:  
ID: 2404