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MACR PILOT: 1Lt  Alfonso C.  Guardino  - O-739943

MACR: 13604 FICHE : 04973

ORGANIZATION

LOCATION: AAF Station #139 COMMAND: VIII AF GROUP: 100th Bomb Gp (H) AAF
SQUADRON: 351st BS DETACHMENT:  
     

DETAIL

DEPARTURE:AAF Station #139 INITIAL COURSE: E  
INTENDED DESTINATION: Unna    
MISSION TYPE:Operational    

WEATHER & VISIBILITY AT TIME OF LAST REPORT

CONDITION: Missing    

GIVE

DATE: 1945-03-23 TIME: 14:28 LOCATION: 5054E - 0746E

SPECIFY:

Seen to crash

CONFIRMED OR BELIEVED REASON FOR LOSS

LOSS DUE TO : Enemy anti-aircraft

OTHER REASON FOR LOSS:

AIRCRAFT: 43-37812

TYPE: B-17 SERIES: G  
     
     

ENGINES:

MODEL:    
A: 44-145543
B: SW-026777
C: SW-013941
D: SW-008488
   

INSTALLED WEAPONS:

A: 1302598
B: 1213213
C: 1213071
D: 1212901
E: 1212881
F: 1213078
G: 1307524
H: 1213783
I: 1213477
J: 1213746
K: 1213858
L: 1214033

PERSONS BELOW ARE LISTED AS:

CASUALTY TYPE: Battle casualty  
NUMBER OF PERSONS ON BOARD:    
CREW: 9 PASS: 0 TOTAL: 9

PERSONNEL:

POSITION NAME RANK SERIAL
P1
P2 Alfonso C.  Guardino 1Lt O-739943
CP William E. Davis 2Lt O-2066921
NAV (N) Leo Tomaso 2Lt O-2070189
BOM (B) Leon R. Williams SSgt 13084928
RAD Edward R. Keefrey SSgt 16107012
ENG Howard R. Tudor SSgt 13065697
BAL Hugh H. Pennock SSgt 37576680
WG (W) Alois Chudy SSgt 32380098
WG (W)
TG (T) Obie Smithart SSgt 19122308

PERSONS WHO ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE LAST KNOWLEDGE OF AIRCRAFT

Ernest T. Gilbert 1Lt O-776278
Last sighted
Lantz 2Lt O-831736
Last sighted    

PERSONNEL WHO ARE BELIEVED TO HAVE SURVIVED

REASON: OTHER: Unknown  

EYEWITNESS DESCRIPTIONS OF CRASH

First Witness: James A. Lantz  
Report:
A/C #812 thought to have been hit be flak at 1428 hours 5043N - 0745E. The right wing crumpled and A/C went into a spin then leveled off for a moment then went into another spin. A/C exploded on impact, No fire or smoke seen. No chutes seen. (James A. Lantz)
   
   
Report:

DESCRIPTION OF SEARCH EFFORT

DETAIL:No search made.

PREPARING OFFICER

PREPARED BY: George D. Allen, Capt Air Corps, Assistant Adjutant

DATE PREPARED: 1999-11-30

TRANSCRIBER NOTES


REPORT:

A/C#43 37812 "PATRIOTIC PATTY"
MACR#l3604 Microfiche #4973

Unna, the primary target, was successfully attacked by the first 3 squadrons. The 351st squadron, with Captain Lilinquist as command pilot, Carl Hellerich as lead pilot and Leroy Duncan as lead navagator, was the fourth squadron. (see a copy of the actual Lead Navigator's log) The command pilot decided to bomb the secondary target, Marburg. Immediately after dropping the bombs, the squadron made sharp descending turn to the right. While in the turn, the squadron took at least 3 flak bursts; one hit Larry Guardino, who was flying in the 2nd element, and as the plane fell, his right horizontal stabilizer hit our (Lazzari's) left wing and bent downward, 8 to 10 feet of the wing tip. With the tremendous drag that this damage caused, the Lazzari plane flipped on its back, or nearly on its back, and left the formation in a steep dive to the left. At this point, memories that are 49 years old trigger different pictures of that tense scene. Lazzari said, "I've always second guessed what might have happened had I reacted quicker and helped Gene maneuver away from Guardino--but everything happened so fast and we were in such close formation our options were limited. I often regret that I didn't contact Guardino's family after returning to the USA. " Greenwood has carried with him for 49 years, the memory of flying the plane at the time of the collision, and postulating many times. the "what if scenario. " "What if I had positioned our plane 10 or 20 feet to the right, as Guardino went down, his tail would have missed our left wing tip. However, if I had positioned the plane to the right, then our plane would have taken the flak hit that Jim Lantz took, and since I was on the right side of the plane, I would have been wounded, and not Jim Lantz. " …. GENE GREEWOOD CP, LAZZARI CREW

UNAME = Guiher Gene Greenwood
CONNECTION = I am a 100th veteran
COMMENTS = Your crew history has the Alphonso Guardino crew shot down on Unna mission wrong; Unna was primary; they were shot down over Marburg 23 March 1945; came down on Lazzari; bent left wing down; Lazzaari fell 5000 to10000 feet and recovered. 

See Lazzari Crew history written by Guiher Gene Greenwood, Colonel USAF Retired, Lazzari's co-pilot.

Guardino, Davis, Keefrey, Tudor and Chudy buried at Jefferson Barracks, Mo. Probably this a "common" grave. Smithhart buried Cal. ; Pennock buried Minn. ; Williams buried Pa.

Original Bombardier on the crew was 2nd Lt Joe Zamison. Cpl Williams was originally a WG. Reduced to 9 man crew before going overseas and Leon Williams became the Toggelier/Nose Gunner on the Crew.