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Lt. Robert (Rosie) Rosenthal

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100th BG Photo Archives

LEGENDARY 100TH AIRMAN WHO FLEW 52 MISSIONS (SEE NOTES BELOW)
100th BG Photo Archives
 

LT ROBERT "ROSIE" ROSENTHAL P CPT 3 FEB 45 BERLIN LEGENDARY 100TH AIRMAN
WHO FLEW 52 MISSIONS
LT WINIFRED LEWIS CP CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN DFC w/OLC
LT RONALD C. BAILEY NAV CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN DFC w/OLC
LT CLIFFORD MILBURN BOM CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN DFC w/OLC
SGT MICHAEL BOCCUZZI ROG CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN DFC w/OLC
SGT CLARENCE C. HALL TTE CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN DFC w/OLC
SGT RAY H. ROBINSON BTG CPT 8 MAR 44 BERLIN --
SGT LOREN DARLING WG SWA 10 OCT 43 MUNSTER PURPLE HEART
SGT JOHN SHAFFER WG SWA 10 0CT 43 MUNSTER RETURNED TO STATES
SILVER STAR &
PURPLE HEART
FOR MUNSTER MISSION
SGT WILLIAM DeBLASIO TG CPT 8 MAR 44  BERLIN DFC w/OLC

Crew arrived 100th Bomb Group September 28, 1943. 418TH SQDN, CREW FLEW ROSIE'S RIVETERS
SGT'S JAMES F. MACK AND M.J. SHELDON REPLACED DARLING AND SCHAFFER.

Lt Col Robert "Rosie" Rosenthal Timeline:
Jan 2 1942- Sept 6, 1942 AAFFS (Army Air Force Flight School)
Aviation Cadet: Pre-Flight, (Maxwell Field, Alabama-)
Pilot Training in PT-17-60 hours ( Primary Flying School, Douglas, Georgia 3/42-5/42) Pilot Training in BT-13-71 hours (BFS-Basic Flying School-Shaw Field, South Carolina-
5/42-7/42) Pilot Training in AT-6-9,17,71 hours (AFS-Advanced Flying School, Moody Field Georgia-
7/42-9/42)
Sept 6,1942-Feb 1, 1943 AAB Ft Meyers (Army Air Force Base Fort Meyers Florida) Pilot AT-6 Gunnery Instructor
Feb 1, 1943-May 1, 1943 AAB Sebring (Army Air Force Base Sebring, Florida) Student Officer- Transition Training in B-17, 140 hours
May 1, 1943-Jun 1, 1943 19th Bomb Group (H) Pyote, Texas
Pilot B-17 Combat Training 80 hours
Jun 1, 1943-Aug 15, 1943 19th Bomb Group (H) Dyersburg, Tenn
Pilot B-17 Combat Training 160 hours
Aug 15, 1943-Sept 15, 1943 Enroute ETOUSAAF (European Theater of Operations, United States Army Air Force) Pilot B-17-Enroute ETO via Aircraft. Departed US 1 Sept 1943, arrived ETO 6 Sept 43
Sept 15, 1943-Mar 5, 1943 418th BS, 100th BG (H) ETOUSAAF (8AF) [European Theater of Operations, United States Army Air Force Pilot B-17-300 hours-Flight Commander (1st Pilot), 25 c/m (combat missions) 240 c/hours (combat hours). 15 Squadron Leads, 5 Element,Leads and 5 Wing Leads.
Mar 5, 1944-May 24, 1944 HQ 100th BG (H) ETOUSAAF (8AF)
Assistant Group Operations Officer (Lt Col Jack Kidd-Operations Officer). Pilot B-17, Air
Leader 5 c/m (combat missions, 45 c/hrs (combat hours), 5 Group Leads, Acting Command Pilot
May 24, 1944-Sept 11, 1944 350th BS, 100th BG (H) ETOUSAAF (8AF)
Squadron Commander, 190 hours, B-17 Air Leader, 17 c/m (combat missions) 120 c/hrs
(combat hours), 5 Group Leads, Acting Command 5 Wing Leads Pilot
Sept 11, 1944-Nov 1, 1944 -- Hospitalized at 91st General Hospital due to injuries sustained on Sept 10, 1944 mission to Nurnburg with Rosenthal as Command Pilot, crash landed in France and sustained a broken arm; internal injuries

LEAD CREW SEPTEMBER 10, 1944, NURNBURG PFF A/C 42-97770
MAJOR ROBERT "ROSIE" ROSENTHAL COMMAND PILOT
1ST LT WILLIAM F. TERMINELLO, JR PILOT
1ST LT MELVIN KODAS FORMATION OFFICER/TAIL GUNNER
2ND LT STEWART J. GILLSON NAVIGATOR
CAPT. WOODROW W. MCGILL COMMAND NAVIGATOR
LT GREGORY MADDOX RADAR OPERATOR
2ND LT FRANK RUBICK BOMBARDIER
S/SGT RUSSELL L. HEGER TOP TURRET ENGINEER
S/SGT LOUIS QUIJADA RADIO OPERATOR GUNNER
SGT THOMAS A. PALMER WAIST GUNNER
SGT GEORGE J. HARTOS WAIST GUNNER

 
Nov 1, 1944-
Dec 1, 1944
HQ 13th Combat Wing, ETOUSAAF (8AF) Combat Wing Training Officer. In charge of all Wing training program
Dec 1, 1944-Feb 3, 1944 418th BS, 100th BG (H) ETOUSAAF (8AF) Squadron Commander, 55 hours, B-17 Air Leader 5 c/m (combat missions) 45 c/hrs
(combat hours) 1 Division Lead (Berlin Feb 3, 1945, shot down, picked up by Russians and returned to
England) Acting Command 4 Wing Leads, Pilot
Feb 3, 1945 BERLIN A/C#44 8379 Rosenthal bailed out with this crew. Rescued by Russians - toured Moscow.) Feb 3, 1945 Target: BERLIN Again attempts to return to Flight Operations - 100th Commander (Col Sutterlin) refused - Rosie had to quit flying combat at 52 missions
Mar 28, 1945-May 28, 1945 HQ 100th BG (H) ETOUSAAF (8AF) Group Training Officer. Set up policies for training of new crews, very little operational duty.
May 28, 1945-Jun 7, 1945 Returnee- Returned to USA via aircraft and arrived on Jun 7, 1945, leave, processing, and reassignment
Nov 30, 1945 -- Honorably Discharged

3rd Air Division Lead Crew for Feb 3, 1945 Mission to Berlin:
 
Maj Robert Rosenthal Command Pilot -- Landed in Russian Lines
Capt John Ernst Pilot POW Ernst's leg amputated in German Hospital
night of 3/2/45 & he was soon exchanged.
1st Lt Arthur I.Jacobson CP POW (from Crew of Lt. G. Brown)
1st Lt Stewart J. Gillison Command NAV EVA (from Crew of Lt W. Terminello)
1st Lt Louis C. Chappel NAV KIA from Crew of Lt W.J. Wilson)
1st Lt Robert H. Stropp Radar NAV -- Landed in Russian Lines
1st Lt Eugene E. Lockhart BOM KIA (from the Crew of Lt Oren Hopkins)
T/Sgt Charles H. Webber ROG -- Landed in Russian Lines
T/Sgt Dugger C. West TTE POW  
S/Sgt Warren Winters WG POW  
S/Sgt G.A. Windisch TG -- Landed in Russian Lines

See "CONTRAILS" p.131 & S.O.C. p.95. Also p.219/223 of "FLYING FORTRESS" by E.Jablonski.

EYEWITNESS REPORT from MACR #12046 "A/C #44 8379 was hit by flak, reported to be a ground rocket a few seconds before bombs away. A/C continued on run and dropped bombs. Fire and dense white smoke was seen in the fuselage and bomb bay, including the cockpit. Bomb bay doors closed and then reopened. Pilot opened his window and peeled gently off to the right, directing deputy leader to take over on VHF. A/C headed NE and flew level for a few moments while six members bailed out (3 appeared to come from waist or tail and 3 from bomb bay). There was a small explosion in #3 engine nacelle and the A/C headed down, burning and beginning to spin when last seen at 15/000 feet. Observers believe entire crew had an excellent chance to bail out."

DATE OF RANK FOR ROBERT ROSENTHAL:
 
Sept 6, 1942 - Commissioned Aviation Cadet to 2nd Lieutenant 0-792349
Sept 7, 1943 - Temp promotion 2nd Lieutenant to 1st Lieutenant 0-792349
Feb.11, 1944 - Temp promotion 1st Lieutenant to Captain-0792349
July 16, 1944 - Temp promotion from Captain to Major-0-792349
Mar 21, 1945 - Temp promotion from Major to Lt Colonel-0-792349

Commanding Officer OF THE 350TH BS FROM LATE MAY 24, 1944 TO SEPT 10, 1944.
Commanding Officer OF THE 418TH BS FROM DEC 1, 1944 TO FEB 3, 1945.

Medals Awarded to Lt Col Robert "Rosie" Rosenthal
 
Awards Mission Oak Leaf Cluster to Award
Distinguished Service Cross For Feb 3, 1945 Berlin Mission --
Sliver Star Munster, Oct 10, 1943 Cluster to Silver Star (Oct 3, 1943-Sept 10, 1944)
Distinguished Flying Cross Completion of 25 missions 8 MAR 44 -Berlin Cluster to DFC (July 12, 1944 Munich/Aug 5, 1944 Magdeburg )
Purple Heart Sept 10, 1944 Nurnburg Cluster to Purple Heart (Feb 3, 1945 Berlin-broke the same arm on both occasions)
Air Medal -- 7 Oak Leaf Clusters
Distinguished Flying Cross (British) April 1946 --
Croix de Guerre (French). Exceptional Service in Operations to Liberate France 29 Jan 1945
ETO Ribbon with 4 Battle Stars Air Offensive Europe, Normandy Northern France, Rhineland)
Presidential Unit Citation Berlin March 4,6, 8, 1944 --

LIST OF LT ROBERT ROSENTHAL'S 52 MISSIONS (mpf 2001 from Maj Rosenthal himself)
1. 08/10/43 BREMEN
2. 09/10/43 MARIENBURG
3. 10/10/43 MUNSTER
4. 03/11/43 WILHELMSHAVEN
5. 07/11/43 DUREN
6. 13/11/43 BREMEN
7. 26/11/43 PARIS/BREMEN
8. 29/11/43 BREMEN
9. 30/11/43 SOLINGEN
10. 05/12/43 BORDEAUX
11. 24/12/43 NO-BALL
12. 31/12/43 PARIS
13. 21/01/44 NO-BALL
14. 30/01/44 BRUNSWICK
15. 03/02/44 WILHELMSHAVEN
16. 04/02/44 FRANKFURT
17. 05/02/44 VILLACOUBLAY
18. 10/02/44 BRUNSWICK
19. 20/02/44 SETTIN & POSEN
20. 21/02/44 ALHORN
21. 24/02/44 ROSTOCK
22. 25/02/44 REGENSBURG
23. 03/03/44 BERLIN (RECALL)
24. 04/03/44 BERLIN (RECALL)
25. 08/03/44 BERLIN (FINISHED TOUR)
26. 25/04/44 DIJON
27. 07/05/44 BERLIN
28. 12/05/44 BRUX, CZECH
29. 19/05/44 BERLIN
30. 30/05/44 TROYES
31 05/06/44 BOULOGNE
32 06/06/44 FRENCH COAST-D-DAY
33 15/06/44 WILSTER
34 18/06/44 BRUNSBUTTELKOOG
35 22/06/44 PARIS
36 06/07/44 NO-BALL
37 12/07/44 MUNICH
38 14/07/44 MAQUIS SUPPLY DROP, SOUTHERN FRANCE
39 18/07/44 KIEL
40. 25/07/44 ST LO, GROUND SUPPORT
41 02/08/44 LaFERE
42 05/08/44 MAGDEBURG
43 13/08/44 NANTES
44 15/08/44 VENLO
45 25/08/44 POLITZ
46 05/09/44 STUTTGART
47 10/09/44 NURNBURG*
48 18/12/44 MAINZ
49 30/12/44 KASSEL
50 07/01/45 COLOGNE
51 17/01/45 HAMBURG
52 03/02/45 BERLIN

Robert Rosenthal is the best known of the 100th veterans and one of the better known airmen in WWII. Fresh out of law school he enlisted in the U.S.Army, December 8th, 1941. Progressed rapidly through the Army Aviation pipe line and joined the 100th as a 1st pilot in August 1943, coming at the onset of some of the 100th more famous missions. "Rosie", as he is known to all 100th veterans, started with the 100th Oct 8, 1943 trip to Bremen. The 100th lost seven B-17s including the 351stís Thomas Murphy in the famed Piccadily Lily. On the ninth of October, 43 the 100th went on the long mission to Marienburg and returned with no losses. On the 10th of October, 1943, "Rosie" and the 100th went to Munster. Only the Royal Flush with Rosenthal and his crew returned to Thorpe Abbotts. This mission as much as any other established the character of the 100th. There is a charismatic quality, earned many times over, about the 100th. No other Group is remembered with the reverence commonly accorded them. Robert Rosenthal, the 100th's beloved Rosie, earned a large part of this reverence. A Painting of the Royal Flush coming home is displayed at the American Military Cemetery, Cambridge, England. ..pw

MISSIONS OF SGT JAMES F. MACK (MPF 2002)
 

Nbr

Date

Target

01

03/11/43

WILHELMSHAVEN

02

07/11/43

DUREN

03

13/11/43

BREMEN

04

26/11/43

PARIS/BREMEN

05

29/11/43

BREMEN

06

30/11/43

SOLINGEN

07

05/12/43

BORDEAUX

08

24/12/45

NO-BALL

09

31/12/43

PARIS

10

21/01/44

NO-BALL

11

30/01/44

BRUNSWICK

12

03/02/44

WILHELMSHAVEN

13

04/02/44

FRANKFURT

14

05/02/44

VILLACOUBLAY

15

10/02/44

BRUNSWICK

16

20/02/44

SETTIN & POSEN

17

21/02/44

BRUNSWICK/ALHORN

18

24/02/44

ROSTOCK

19

25/02/44

REGENSBURG

20

03/03/44

BERLIN

21

04/03/44

BERLIN

22

08/03/44

BERLIN (ROSIE'S CREW FINISHES)

23

22/03/44

BERLIN (FLEW WITH LT FERBRACHE)

24

01/04/44

LUDWIGSHAVEN (RECALLED, FLEW WITH LT CHUCK HARRIS)

25

08/04/44

QUACKENBRUCK, AF (FLEW WITH LT CHUCK HARRIS)

NC

09/04/44

POSEN & MARIENBURG (RECALLED, FLEW WITH LT C. HARRIS)

26

19/04/44

LIPPSTADT & WERL AF (FLEW WITH LT FORSYTHE CREW)

27

20/04/44

MARQUENVILLE & FLOTTEMANVILLE


Diary of S/Sgt. Jim Mack, sn# 17155954 (mpf 2002)
Date of Induction: November 10, 1942
Serial Number of Revolver: 567215
 
May 30, 1943 Left U. S. from New York on Queen Mary. Very confusing and very Disappointed because I had no Furlough the boat was very crowded. 22, 000 men on board
June 4, 1943 Queen Mary docked at Fytle of Clyde, 18 Miles from Glasgow, Scotland.
June 6, 1943 Arrived at 13th RCD in Northern England along with 85 more gunners, we were all sent to different bomb groups eventually.
July 16, 1943 Arrived at 100th Bomb Group with 15 other Gunners.
Oct. 10, 1943 MUNSTER!!! Rosieís Riveters return alone. Luck was really with them. Every other ship was shot down
Nov 3, 1943 Wilhelmshaven, Ger. 6:55 to 12:55. Heavy flak. First mission since Munster. Plenty scared
Nov 7, 1943 Duren, Germany, Little Flak, 48 degrees below zero
Nov 12, 1943 Practice Mission over North Atlantic
Nov 13, 1943 Bremen, Got this book today, just got back from mission to Bremen. Group behind us caught hell from fighter flak very heavy and accurate.
Nov 26, 1943 Paris, France. Very little flak, clouds over target
Nov 29, 1943 Bremen, Ger. (second time) 7:45am-4:47pm. No ships lost.
Nov 30, 1943 Solingen, Ger. 8:15am-2:30pm -60 degrees. Oxygen system froze. Mike and Junior passed out.
Dec 5, 1943 Bordeaux, France. 10 hrs in the air.
Dec 24, 1943 NO-BALL flew a new ship (504). Bombed the secret coast (rocket planes)
Dec 31, 1943 Paris, France Ship hit with flak, bombed airfield
Jan 21, 1944 NO-BALL Rocket coast again 12:05-15:10. Heavy flak, hit four times. We got prepared for crash landing came in O. K. thank god.
Jan 30, 1944 Brunswick, Ger. Bombed through clouds 4:30am-3:00pm
Feb 3, 1944 Wilhelmshaven Ger. accurate flak. We did violent evasive action 7:35am-2:30pm
Feb 4, 1944 Frankfurt, Ger. 8:05am-3:45pm We had flak from the coast into target. Very nerve wracking. Crossed Ruhr Valley, 3 holes in ship. 2 ships fell out of formation and were shot down by FW 190's
Feb 5, 1944 Paris, France Airport, hit the target
Feb 10, 1944 Brunswick, Ger. 6:45-4:10. Heavy Fighter opposition 30 FW's, 20 JU88's 2 Forts blew up when hit. Saw 15 forts go down.
Feb 20, 1944 Stettin & Posen (no note)
Feb 21, 1944 Brunswick & Alhorn Ger. 9:35-3:30. Good fighter support. Lost a fort over Holland.
Feb 24, 1944 Rostock, Aircraft factory in Poland 8:00-7:30. Very tired when I got back. attacked by 6 Ju88's
Feb 25, 1944 Regensburg, Ger. 8:15-6:15 demolished target (aircraft factory) saw the Alps & Danube River. (pretty country) lost 3 forts, 12 F. W.
Feb 26, 1944 Notre: of the 15 gunners that came to the 100th BG only 3 of us are left. Charles Mabey (finished up), Bill McClelland (wounded) and Me still hanging around. Of the 85 of us to come over, there is now 15 left. 6 have finished. I'm still sweating them out. 7 more missions left to make.
Mar 3, 1944 Target: BERLIN when I saw the target on the map my morale hit a new low. We were called back when within 40 miles of Berlin. 2 forts collided & blew up at 27, 000 feet.
Mar 4, 1944 BERLIN again. I really sweat this one out. we were recalled when we got over France (whew)
Mar 8, 1944 BERLIN, 11hrs in the air. This time we made it. Flak terrible, the fighters hit us after we left Holland. It was a very rough trip, our ship shot down 3 fighters that were making an attack. It was the last mission for my Crew and when we landed there was much rejoicing. We "Buzzed" the field twice at tree top level.
Mar 22, 1944 BERLIN, I flew with a different crew (Ferbrache). It was the hardest mission I was ever on. We flew right over the center of the city. The flak was awful. We were hit several times. 24 holes in the ship and some control cables were cut. The bomb bay doors wouldn't close and I crawled out in the bomb bay with the engineer and tried to crank them closed. The wind just about blew us both out of the ship.
Apr 1, 1944 Ludwigshaven, Ger. We started out and were recalled when we were 30 miles in France. Dropped bombs in the channel, flew with (Lt Harris) a good man.
Apr 8. 1944 Quackenbruck, Ger, Target an airfield. Mild Flak, No fighters, hit the target (note: Believe that S/Sgt Mack flew with the crew of Lt Chuck Harris on this mission, mpf)
Apr 9, 1944 Posen, flew with Harris again. Started for Poland & were called back. Couldnít land because of fog.
Apr 19, 1944 Lippstadt & Werl, Ger, Target an airfield. Flew with Forsythe, darn good Crew.
Apr 20, 1944 Marquenville & Flottemanville. Last Mission, secret target in France, flak heavy and accurate. No 1 engine was hit. Thank god I've finished

-end-